Clinical Investigations form part of the healthcare sciences that is often referred also as Clinical research. Clinical research is essential to ensure the safety of the drugs we administer to cure diseases. It also deals at length about effects or side effects of medication, medical devices, diagnostic techniques and the treatment schedule for human. Clinical Science thus generally deals with diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and to offer relief from the pain or symptoms of a disease. Clinical Sciences are set of procedures used to investigate a particular physical, psychological or behavioral disorder or issue for further understanding, diagnosis, prevention, cure and rehabilitation so that the plant, animal, human or the organism is relieved off the disorder or trouble.
Clinical sciences thus are used to evaluate, assess and diagnose a particular problem or disorder to find a clear solution. It is an interdisciplinary science that combines the principles of medicine, chemistry, biology and experimental science that involves laboratory work. By testing, evaluating, and analyzing the cells and fluids of human body it detects the root cause of the disease. Evaluation and analysis is generally carried out using standard formats, under the controlled environments to get the accurate result. This detection is essential to administer the exact treatment to cure a particular disease/disorder by suggesting medication, surgery, post operative care etc.
In general, clinical science is a field that evaluates and investigates medical treatments, principles and methods, using classically designed studies under controlled laboratory conditions.
Author(s): Temba V, Lyaruu LJ, Mahande AM and Kweka EJ
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