Journal of Healthcare and Hygiene

About Journal of Healthcare and Hygiene

Healthcare is the improvement or maintenance of health via the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of disease, injury, illness, and other physical and mental impairments in people. Health care is delivered by professionals in health fields. Physicians, Dentistry, Medicine, Nursing, Midwifery, Optometry, Psychology, Audiology, Pharmacy, Physical therapy, Occupational therapy and other health professions are all part of health care. In everyday life settings and medicine, hygiene practices are employed as measures to prevent and reduce the incidence and spreading of disease. In the manufacturing of pharmaceuticals, food, cosmetics and other products, good hygiene is a critical component of quality assurance.

Aim and Scope

Journal of Healthcare and Hygiene is a peer reviewed journal that explores the publication of research developments in the field of healthcare and its system. The journal strives for wide discussion of recent scientific developments in the fields of Population health, Oral hygiene, Mother and child health, Disease Surveillance, Public health, Antimicrobial resistance, Infections prevention and control, Disinfection, Decontamination, Communicable diseases, Clinical informatics, Chronic disease, Global health, Health policy implication, Medical safety, Tropical diseases, Hand hygiene, Nosocomial infections and Design of healthcare premises.

The pandemic outbreak has unearthed gaping holes in our lack of thinking about health policy. The COVID-19 is a public health concern, even when it contains elements of healthcare. Journal of Healthcare and Hygiene encourages the publication of innovations in the treatment of diseases and healthcare system.

The journal accepts manuscripts in the form of review article, case report, original research article, Editorials and short communication. All the articles published are open access and are freely accessible online without any subscription charges. 

All the submitted manuscripts undergo peer review done by the external subject matter experts with the support of the Editor-in-Chief or assigned Editorial committee member of the journal.

Submit manuscript online at https://www.imedpub.com/submissions/healthcare-hygiene.html  or mail us at  [email protected]

Role of Healthcare in COVID-19

Healthcare can play an important role in the COVID-19 response by differentiating patients with respiratory symptoms from those with COVID-19, helping vulnerable people cope with their anxiety about the virus, making an early diagnosis and reducing the demand for hospital services.

Adolescent Health

Adolescence can be referred to as a transitional phase of growth and development where various physiological changes take place in the body during the period from puberty to legal adulthood (13- 19 years). Adolescent health deals with preventing, detecting and treating young people’s health and well-being. The sedentary lifestyle is the key contributor which affects the teen health (Excess Tobacco/ Alcohol, Lack of vegetables & fruits, no exercise etc.). The behavioral patterns established during these developmental periods help determine young people's current health status and their risk for developing chronic diseases in adulthood. To cope up with this issue health education, skill based education, early diagnostics and management of medical and behavioral problem should be promoted.

Vaccination

A vaccination is the injection of a killed or weakened organism that produces immunity in the body against that organism. An immunization is the process by which a person oranimal becomes protected from a disease. A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a disease. A vaccine typically contains an agent that resembles a disease-causing microorganism and is often made from weakened or killed forms of the microbe, its toxins or one of its surface proteins. The administration of vaccines is called vaccination. Vaccination is the most effective method of preventing infectious diseases; widespread immunity due to vaccination is largely responsible for the worldwide eradication of smallpox and the restriction of diseases such as polio, measles, and tetanus from much of the world.

Human Biomonitoring

With the advent of civilization there was an apt need for a technology which can be useful in measuring the quantity of toxic elements in the body and thus scientists developed this technique. Human biomonitoring is defined as the measurement of the body burden of toxic chemical compounds, elements, or their metabolites, in biological substances. These measurements are done through blood and urine tests. Chemicals and their metabolites can be traced in a variety of biological substances such as blood, urine, hair, semen, breast milk, or saliva. Some well-designed methods are used for human biomonitoring like isotope dilution mass spectrometry, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, or graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. These methods of measurements are very much advanced. The key objective of Human Biomonitoring is to develop novel methods to identify human internal exposure to environmental and occupational chemicals and establishing the causal links with human health effects; improving chemical risk assessment through the effective use of Human Biomonitoring data.

Health and Fitness

The health and fitness domain plays a significant role in Human life. Exercising regularly is the most important thing you can do for your health. Exercise helps to boost mood, control appetite, and improve sleep in the short term. It reduces the risk of heart disease, diabetes, stroke, depression, dementia and many cancers in the long term.

Environmental medicine

It is a latest developed field in medicine which encompasses many fields such as medicine, environmental science, chemistry and other sciences overlapping with environment pathology. This branch deals with the various interactions between human body and the environment. The role of environment in causing diseases and fighting with certain kinds of diseases. Environmental medicine focuses on the environmental factors which causes diseases like Physical, Chemical, Biological, Social (including Psychological and Culture variables) and also the safety measures which can deal with these factors and prevent and treat the disease. It has a very broader scope of research but some of the currently prominent issues are bomb attack and the resulting effects of radioactive material and radiation on humans., mercury poisoning and lead poisoning due to consumption of fishes, air quality, food poisoning, ozone layer depletion, air and water pollutions impact on human health.

Health Risk Assessments

It is the name of the sophisticated screening tools which are designed to assess and promote the health of the people. Basically, it is a well-designed health questionnaire, used to provide individuals with an evaluation of their health risks and quality of life. Different levels of questions are designed to test man, women and children’s health. The questionnaire consists of questions related to day to day life, health-care access, availability of food, and living conditions. Some of the questions which are asked to assess are Demographic characteristics – age, sex, Lifestyle related – exercise, smoking, alcohol intake, diet. Then comes personal and family related questions like medical history, physiological data – weight, height, blood pressure, cholesterol and lastly attitude testing questions like willingness to change behavior and life style to improve health. The main objectives of a HRA are to: inform and provide feedback, estimate the level of health risk and to assess overall health status.

Healthcare Support

Healthcare support characterizes the administrations performed, provided, or orchestrated by the Services to promote, enhance, monitor, or reestablish the mental or physical prosperity of faculty. These services incorporate, yet are not limited to, the management of health services resources, like labor, monies, and offices; preventive and therapeutic health measures; curative measures, wounded, injured; selection of the therapeutically fit and unfit; blood administration; medicinal supply, thereof; knowledge services.

Public Health and Nutrition

Public health is the medical field concerned with the prevention and control of disease through the promotion of healthy behaviors and population surveillance. Strategies used to promote public health include the administration of vaccines, patient education, and other component

Hand Hygiene

Hand hygiene is characterized as any technique that removes or destroys microorganisms on hands. It is very much recorded that the most vital measure for keeping the spread of pathogens is successful hand cleaning. Antibiotic resistance is a developing concern. Hand washing prevents the spread of germs. Hands are the most uncovered piece of the body to germs. Touching the eyes, mouth, nose or eatables, infected areas helps in transferring the germs into the body.

Hygiene Management

The issue of Hygiene is one of the building blocks to making health systems more effective. Inspection of the environmental hygiene and air hygiene, Sampling and microbiological analysis of raw materials and product samples.

Infectious Diseases and Control

Infectious disease and control is a field of study concerned with preventing non-social or social health care related problems, a practical sub-discipline of the study of disease transmission. Infection control addresses variables identified with the spread of diseases inside the healthcare services setting (regardless of whether understanding to-quiet, from patients to staff and from staff to patients, or among-staff), including prevention by means of hand cleanliness/hand washing, cleaning/purification/disinfection, immunization, reconnaissance, observing/ examination of exhibited or associated spread with contamination inside a specific social insurance setting (observation and episode examination), and administration (interference of flare-ups).

Dental Hygiene

Dental hygiene is the act of keeping one's mouth clean and free of germs, by normal brushing and cleaning in the teeth. It is important oral cleanliness is finished all the time, as it can keep dental illness from happening. The most widely recognized sorts of oral disease is dental decay (otherwise called dental caries), gingivitis and periodontitis. If the dental hygiene is not practiced, there is a chance of occurrence of oral diseases like Plaque, Dental caries, Periodontitis, Oral cancer, periodontal disease, Tooth pathology, Systemic disease.

Disease surveillance

It is an information based activity. Disease surveillance involving the collection, analysis and interpretation of large volumes of data originating from a variety of sources.It is a systematic collection and analysis of data and collecting the information which leads to action being taken to prevent and control a disease, usually one of an infectious nature.

Mortality

It is defined as the number of persons that die within a population at a given interval of time. It is associated with different types of terms like Crude mortality rate, Age-specific mortality rate, Infant mortality rate, Maternal mortality rate and Under-5 mortality rate. Cancer, heart diseases, accidents, diabetes etc. are the most common causes of death. Mortality data can be used in explaining trends and differentials in overall mortality can act as Clue for epidemiological research, and analysis of public health problems can be monitored. Incomplete reporting of death, Lack of accuracy Lack of uniformity-hampers the national and international comparability are some of the limitations of mortality data.

Related Journals: Research in population economics, Population briefs: reports on Population Council research, SSM - Population Health, Mahidol population gazette / Institute for Population and Social Research,

Diagnostic procedure

In order to recognize disease by means of signs, symptoms and tests protocol is followed which identifies a person’s weakness and strength; these steps are known as diagnostic procedures like mammograms and colonoscopies. These tests establish a diagnosis in symptomatic patients, Screen for disease in asymptomatic patients and provide prognostic information in patients with established disease. A test may be performed to confirm that a person is free from a disease or to track progression. It can be divided into Differential Diagnosis (distinguishes one disease from several other similar disorders) and Diagnosis by exclusion (eliminates all possible diseases under consideration).Thus the criteria for on accurate clinical diagnosis include: a good case history, a thorough clinical examination and relevant investigations / diagnostic tests.

Related Journals: Journal of Medical Microbiology and Diagnosis, Journal of Diagnostic Techniques and Biomedical Analysis, Journal of Molecular Diagnostics, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, Oral surgery, oral diagnosis : OSD, Journal of Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Procedures, Serodiagnosis and Immunotherapy in Infectious Disease

Morbidity

Poor health and disability can be associated with morbidity. It is a condition of being diseased and can be used to describe demographically, how often a disease occurs within a population. Morbidity can be measured in terms of number of persons who were ill, illnesses these persons experienced, and the duration of these illnesses. Morbidity rate is a broad statistic that relates to the likelihood of developing or contracting a certain illness or event. Respiratory tract infections, hypertension, tuberculosis, heart disease etc. are the leading causes of morbidity. Low dose of aspirin is the most common preventative measure taken to reduce morbidity.

Safety of Medical Devices

A medical device is any product used to diagnose, cure, or treat a condition, or to prevent disease. The term medical device includes all products, except medicines, used in healthcare for the diagnosis, prevention, monitoring or treatment of illness or disability.

Primary Healthcare

Primary health care mentions to the necessary health care made accessible to individuals in a community at costs that they can afford. The World Health Organization (WHO) put forward the concept of primary health care that focuses more on the importance of community participation by identifying some of the social, economic, and environmental determinants. It includes the basic services required for meeting one’s everyday health care needs like conducting a regular checkup with the family doctor or visiting low income health clinics.

Multiresistant Pathogen

Antimicrobial resistance happens when microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites) change when they are exposed to antimicrobial drugs (such as antibiotics, antifungals, antivirals, antimalarials, and anthelmintics). List of some multi-resistant bacteria species such as Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (community and hospital MRSA, Vancomycin Resistant Enterococcus (VRE), Streptococcus pneumonia, Multi-resistant Acinetobacter baumani.

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