Healthcare is the improvement or maintenance of health via the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of disease, injury, illness, and other physical and mental impairments in people. Health care is delivered by professionals in health fields. Physicians, Dentistry, Medicine, Nursing, Midwifery, Optometry, Psychology, Audiology, Pharmacy, Physical therapy, Occupational therapy and other health professions are all part of health care. In everyday life settings and medicine, hygiene practices are employed as measures to prevent and reduce the incidence and spreading of disease. In the manufacturing of pharmaceuticals, food, cosmetics and other products, good hygiene is a critical component of quality assurance.
Aim and Scope
Journal of Healthcare and Hygiene is a peer reviewed journal that explores the publication of research developments in the field of healthcare and its system. The journal strives for wide discussion of recent scientific developments in the fields of Population health, Oral hygiene, Mother and child health, Disease Surveillance, Public health, Antimicrobial resistance, Infections prevention and control, Disinfection, Decontamination, Communicable diseases, Clinical informatics, Chronic disease, Global health, Health policy implication, Medical safety, Tropical diseases, Hand hygiene, Nosocomial infections and Design of healthcare premises.
The pandemic outbreak has unearthed gaping holes in our lack of thinking about health policy. The COVID-19 is a public health concern, even when it contains elements of healthcare. Journal of Healthcare and Hygiene encourages the publication of innovations in the treatment of diseases and healthcare system.
The journal accepts manuscripts in the form of review article, case report, original research article, Editorials and short communication. All the articles published are open access and are freely accessible online without any subscription charges.
All the submitted manuscripts undergo peer review done by the external subject matter experts with the support of the Editor-in-Chief or assigned Editorial committee member of the journal.
Submit manuscript online at https://www.imedpub.com/submissions/healthcare-hygiene.html or mail us at [email protected]
Primary health care mentions to the necessary health care made accessible to individuals in a community at costs that they can afford. The World Health Organization (WHO) put forward the concept of primary health care that focuses more on the importance of community participation by identifying some of the social, economic, and environmental determinants. It includes the basic services required for meeting one’s everyday health care needs like conducting a regular checkup with the family doctor or visiting low income health clinics.
Healthcare can play an important role in the COVID-19 response by differentiating patients with respiratory symptoms from those with COVID-19, helping vulnerable people cope with their anxiety about the virus, making an early diagnosis and reducing the demand for hospital services.
Public health is the medical field concerned with the prevention and control of disease through the promotion of healthy behaviors and population surveillance. Strategies used to promote public health include the administration of vaccines, patient education, and other component
Public health nursing is the practise of using expertise from the nursing, social, and public health sciences to promote and protect the health of communities. Another significant component of medical care is patient education and preparation. Nurses keep an eye on patients, provide clinical services, and form personal healthcare teams to assist patients in learning how to handle their own wellbeing. Each nurse's function varies depending on the work environment and, as a result, the variety of patients.
According to the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, epidemiology is a field of public health that sees a population as a "patient" and multiple health incidents as a "condition" that requires care (CDC). Cohort, case-control, and cross-sectional trials are the three main forms of epidemiologic studies.
Dermatology is the field of medicine that deals with skin disorders and allergies. It is an area that encompasses both medical and surgical aspects. Skin disorders vary from mild rashes to severe infections, which can be caused by several causes such as infections, humidity, allergens, equipment malfunctions, and medications. One of the most important ways to cure skin disorders and improve the quality and perception of one's skin is to incorporate certain vitamins, minerals, and other beneficial compounds in one's diet.
A dermatologist treats infections of the skin in the broadest way as well as aesthetic issues. Cosmetic dermatology, Dermatopathology, Immunodermatology, Mohs surgery, Pediatric dermatology, Teledermatology, and Dermatoepidemiology are some of the disciplines in dermatology and healthcare.
Adolescence can be referred to as a transitional phase of growth and development where various physiological changes take place in the body during the period from puberty to legal adulthood (13- 19 years). Adolescent health deals with preventing, detecting and treating young people’s health and well-being. The sedentary lifestyle is the key contributor which affects the teen health (Excess Tobacco/ Alcohol, Lack of vegetables & fruits, no exercise etc.). The behavioral patterns established during these developmental periods help determine young people's current health status and their risk for developing chronic diseases in adulthood. To cope up with this issue health education, skill based education, early diagnostics and management of medical and behavioral problem should be promoted.
Palliative care can be offered at any age and at any stage of a severe illness, and it can be given in combination with curative treatment. The aim is to increase the patient's and family's quality of life. Many states are going through health changes, with a rapidly increasing burden of chronic and irreversible diseases. They will differ by area and approach, based on their depth of observation and practise diversity. Palliative care is primarily concerned with diagnosing, avoiding, and treating symptoms that patients with a severe or life-threatening illness may encounter. There is a small distinction between palliative care and hospice care in terms of comfort. More than four million of them, according to WHO reports, will benefit from palliative medicine and treatment.
The health and fitness domain plays a significant role in Human life. Exercising regularly is the most important thing you can do for your health. Exercise helps to boost mood, control appetite, and improve sleep in the short term. It reduces the risk of heart disease, diabetes, stroke, depression, dementia and many cancers in the long term.
It is a latest developed field in medicine which encompasses many fields such as medicine, environmental science, chemistry and other sciences overlapping with environment pathology. This branch deals with the various interactions between human body and the environment. The role of environment in causing diseases and fighting with certain kinds of diseases. Environmental medicine focuses on the environmental factors which causes diseases like Physical, Chemical, Biological, Social (including Psychological and Culture variables) and also the safety measures which can deal with these factors and prevent and treat the disease. It has a very broader scope of research but some of the currently prominent issues are bomb attack and the resulting effects of radioactive material and radiation on humans., mercury poisoning and lead poisoning due to consumption of fishes, air quality, food poisoning, ozone layer depletion, air and water pollutions impact on human health.
The state of emotional well-being or the absence of mental illness is referred to as mental health. A person's personality "operates within a fair range of psychological and contextual adjustment." It's an unpredictably wide range on which an individual's mental wellbeing can take several different forms. Treatment for mental illness necessitates not only enhancing but also sustaining a full and satisfying existence.
A mental disorder, also known as mental illness or psychological disorder, is a pattern of behaviour and/or mental health that results in severe anxiety and/or impaired personal functioning. Some conditions have been reported that have a wide range of signs and symptoms among different disorders. These conditions may be diagnosed by a mental health professional.
Womens health is a medical field dedicated to the prevention and diagnosis of illnesses and conditions affecting women's physical and mental well-being. Women and men typically face similar health issues; the only difference is that womens health needs extra care. There are biological mechanisms in young women such as puberty, pregnancy, childbirth, and health threats.
Furthermore, many women's health problems go undiagnosed, and most drug trials exclude women as participants. Women, on the other hand, face particular health problems like breast cancer, cervical cancer, menopause, and pregnancy.
Cardiology is a field of internal medicine that deals with heart and circulatory system concerns, including clinical diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart abnormalities, coronary artery disease, cardiovascular breakdown, and electrophysiology. Heart nurture also provides postoperative treatment on a careful unit, stress test assessments, cardiovascular testing, vascular monitoring, and health assessments. The main aim of cardiac surgery is to enhance the patient's heart function and thereby prolong his or her life.
Hospice care is medical care that preserves or enhances the quality of life for people who are suffering from an incurable illness, disease, or condition. Because each patient's needs are unique, a personalised treatment plan is created to resolve the physical, mental, and spiritual difficulties that come with terminal illness. While proper end-of-life nutrition is critical in hospice care, if a person with a life-limiting illness is forced to eat or drink when they do not feel the need, they can experience physical symptoms that cause additional pain or complications.
Endocrinology is the field of medicine that deals with the endocrine system, or the hormone-controlling system. The medical study of hormones, including disorders and conditions linked to hormonal dysfunction, damage to hormone-producing glands, and the use of synthetic or natural hormonal drugs.
A physician who specialises in the treatment of hormone disorders is known as an endocrinologist. Diabetes, thyroid diseases, metabolism, hormonal imbalances, menopause, osteoporosis, cholesterol disorders, infertility and birth control, small stature, and glandular cancers are among the roles and disorders for which they offer care.
Neuroinformatics is a field that integrates neuroscience and informatics analysis to provide new methods for organising vast amounts of high-dimensional neuroscience data. The nervous system is the subject of neurology, which is a specialty of medicine. Epilepsy, headaches, Parkinson's disease, and dementia are also prevalent neurological diseases, as are neurological complications caused by other illnesses like cerebrovascular disease and infections. Neuroinformatics also uses analytical methods to combine and interpret the data in order to better explain the structure and operation of the brain.
Pediatrics deals with the welfare of children, babies, and teenagers, as well as physical, behavioural, and mental health concerns. Getting medical knowledge along with an understanding of how therapies impact various biological processes at different stages of development is dynamic and as children's cognitive and physical abilities increased, so did the need for a unified approach to medicine protection and excellence is important for the childhood development. In medicine, inborn disorders, genetic variation, and biological process concerns are generally discussed.
Pathology is the branch of medicine that investigates the origins, mechanisms, progression, and outcomes of disease and disease treatments. Pathology has an influence on almost any other medical discipline. A pathologist is a doctor who analyses specimens and verifies the results of laboratory experiments. A pathologist plays a critical part in a patient's health treatment. Various laboratory examinations are performed on patient samples of pathology to aid in the identification and care of the patient. Pathologists are physicians and scientists who specialise in disease and sickness.
The issue of Hygiene is one of the building blocks to making health systems more effective. Inspection of the environmental hygiene and air hygiene, Sampling and microbiological analysis of raw materials and product samples.
Infectious disease and control is a field of study concerned with preventing non-social or social health care related problems, a practical sub-discipline of the study of disease transmission. Infection control addresses variables identified with the spread of diseases inside the healthcare services setting (regardless of whether understanding to-quiet, from patients to staff and from staff to patients, or among-staff), including prevention by means of hand cleanliness/hand washing, cleaning/purification/disinfection, immunization, reconnaissance, observing/ examination of exhibited or associated spread with contamination inside a specific social insurance setting (observation and episode examination), and administration (interference of flare-ups).
Dental hygiene is the act of keeping one's mouth clean and free of germs, by normal brushing and cleaning in the teeth. It is important oral cleanliness is finished all the time, as it can keep dental illness from happening. The most widely recognized sorts of oral disease is dental decay (otherwise called dental caries), gingivitis and periodontitis. If the dental hygiene is not practiced, there is a chance of occurrence of oral diseases like Plaque, Dental caries, Periodontitis, Oral cancer, periodontal disease, Tooth pathology, Systemic disease.
Geriatrics is a medical specialty that focuses on providing primary care to the elderly. Its goal is to promote health through disease prevention and treatment. Medical gerontology treatment refers to a specialist who specialises in the care of the elderly. The study of the psychological, emotional, and biological aspects of ageing is known as gerontology. Gerontology is a multidisciplinary discipline with many sub-fields. In the fields of biology, nursing, medicine, criminology, dentistry, psychology, psychiatry, pharmacy, and primary care, researchers and physicians are required.
Cancer research's primary aim is to save lives by creating safe and reliable approaches to prevent, track, diagnose, and treat cancer patients. Cancer is the uncontrolled and irregular development of a cell that does not follow the body's control mechanisms and develops out of control, resulting in the creation of new, abnormal cells.
Treatment options for patients vary depending on the type of cancer they have, such as surgery, chemotherapy, or radiotherapy. In the case of such cancers There are also targeted therapies available. Cancer research encompasses everything from epidemiology to molecular bioscience to the conduct of clinical trials to assess and compare the efficacy of various cancer treatments.
Telemedicine is described as "the distribution of health care services over a long distance between patients and providers." Telehealth makes use of information technologies to identify and cure illnesses and disabilities, conduct testing and assessment, and provide continued education to health practitioners. It is particularly beneficial to those who live in rural areas, disadvantaged communities, and the elderly.
E-health is the most general concept, referring to the application of electronic technology to health, health care, and public health. The use of information and communication technology (ICT) for wellbeing is known as eHealth. The unit is in the Cluster of Health Systems and Innovation's Department of Service Quality and Protection.
Author(s): Kushal Banerjee
Background: India has the largest number of practitioners of homeopathy and a very large consumer base for it. Globally, homeopathic research has been directed towards understanding the therapeutic ef ... Read More
Author(s): Giuseppe Borgherini
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a mental illness which affects 2.7 % of population worldwide and can have devasting effects on individual health including alcoholism, drug abuse and suicide. Treatment adhere ... Read More
Author(s): Mohammed Alkatan
Introduction: Kuwait ranks second in obesity worldwide and first in the Middle East for type 2 diabetes. Since there are many risk factors for chronic diseases, including smoking status, physical inac ... Read More
Author(s): Samaneh Alinejad Mofrad
Background: Sexual life is a multidimensional issue that can be affected negatively after gynecological cancer. The aim of this study was to reveal what sexuality life difficulties Iranian women wi ... Read More
Author(s): Samira Mohajer
Statement of the Problem: Considering the increase in human life and increased disorders such as depression and loneliness, especially in the elderly, many studies have been conducted on the emergence ... Read More