Material Science is an interdisciplinary science that combines the physical as well as chemical aspects of matter and their processing that would result in various Engineering applications. Material Sciences generally involves discovery and design of new solid materials. Material sciences have wider applications in the field of engineering. Hence it is both pure as well as an applied science. Material Science evolved as a result of analytical applications of Physics and Chemistry to understand the broader principles of the nature by the scientists. Advancements in the material science technology could overcome many compelling problems that the humanity is encountering today. Material science has wider applications in many engineering disciplines like nanotechnology, biomaterials and metallurgy. It also has a vital role to play in areas like forensic sciences and forensic engineering. In depth material science applications can be used to analyze the causes and consequences of aviation failures and hence it can be used as tool to analyze failures in the structures, components and functions of the products.
Advancements in the Material science can overcome the hurdles for the development as they offer alternate solutions for the sustainable development. Though energy deficiency is a crunching problem for industrialization, advancements in solar energy offers cheap, renewable and alternate energy for the scientific development and growth. Hence the governments and the non-government agencies are keen in promoting the material science research across the globe during the modern times.
Author(s): Temba V, Lyaruu LJ, Mahande AM and Kweka EJ
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