A vaccination is the injection of a killed or weakened organism that produces immunity in the body against that organism. An immunization is the process by which a person or animal becomes protected from a disease. A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a disease. A vaccine typically contains an agent that resembles a disease-causing microorganism and is often made from weakened or killed forms of the microbe, its toxins or one of its surface proteins. The administration of vaccines is called vaccination. Vaccination is the most effective method of preventing infectious diseases; widespread immunity due to vaccination is largely responsible for the worldwide eradication of smallpox and the restriction of diseases such as polio, measles, and tetanus from much of the world.
With the advent of civilization there was an apt need for a technology which can be useful in measuring the quantity of toxic elements in the body and thus scientists developed this technique. Human biomonitoring is defined as the measurement of the body burden of toxic chemical compounds, elements, or their metabolites, in biological substances. These measurements are done through blood and urine tests. Chemicals and their metabolites can be traced in a variety of biological substances such as blood, urine, hair, semen, breast milk, or saliva. Some well-designed methods are used for human biomonitoring like isotope dilution mass spectrometry, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, or graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. These methods of measurements are very much advanced. The key objective of Human Biomonitoring is to develop novel methods to identify human internal exposure to environmental and occupational chemicals and establishing the causal links with human health effects; improving chemical risk assessment through the effective use of Human Biomonitoring data.
It is a latest developed field in medicine which encompasses many fields such as medicine, environmental science, chemistry and other sciences overlapping with environment pathology. This branch deals with the various interactions between human body and the environment. The role of environment in causing diseases and fighting with certain kinds of diseases. Environmental medicine focuses on the environmental factors which causes diseases like Physical, Chemical, Biological, Social (including Psychological and Culture variables) and also the safety measures which can deal with these factors and prevent and treat the disease. It has a very broader scope of research but some of the currently prominent issues are bomb attack and the resulting effects of radioactive material and radiation on humans., mercury poisoning and lead poisoning due to consumption of fishes, air quality, food poisoning, ozone layer depletion, air and water pollutions impact on human health.
It is the name of the sophisticated screening tools which are designed to assess and promote the health of the people. Basically, it is a well-designed health questionnaire, used to provide individuals with an evaluation of their health risks and quality of life. Different levels of questions are designed to test man, women and children’s health. The questionnaire consists of questions related to day to day life, health-care access, availability of food, and living conditions. Some of the questions which are asked to assess are Demographic characteristics – age, sex, Lifestyle related – exercise, smoking, alcohol intake, diet. Then comes personal and family related questions like medical history, physiological data – weight, height, blood pressure, cholesterol and lastly attitude testing questions like willingness to change behavior and life style to improve health. The main objectives of a HRA are to: inform and provide feedback, estimate the level of health risk and to assess overall health status.
Related Journals are: Research & Reviews: Medical and Clinical Oncology, Journal of Sexual and Reproductive Medicine, Journal of Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Insights in Blood Pressure, Journal of Addictive Behaviors, Therapy & Rehabilitation
Journal of Healthcare and Hygiene is a peer-reviewed, open access journal that provides rapid publication of articles in all areas of Healthcare and Hygiene. The aim of this journal is to provide a platform for scientists and researchers all over the world to promote, share, and discuss a variety of innovative ideas and developments related to healthcare industry to improve the quality of patient care.
Subject areas suitable for publication include, but are not limited to the following fields: Surveillance, antimicrobial resistance, infections prevention and control, disinfection, decontamination, design of healthcare premises, Children Care, Communicable Diseases, Population Health, Clinical Informatics, Oral Hygine, Chronic Disease,Public Health,Global Helath, Health Policy Implication, Mother and child health, Medical Safety, Tropical diseases, Hand Hygine, nosocomial infections.
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Healthcare support characterizes the administrations performed, provided, or orchestrated by the Services to promote, enhance, monitor, or reestablish the mental or physical prosperity of faculty. These services incorporate, yet are not limited to, the management of health services resources, like labor, monies, and offices; preventive and therapeutic health measures; curative measures, wounded, injured; selection of the therapeutically fit and unfit; blood administration; medicinal supply, thereof; knowledge services.
Related Journals: Health Care : Current Reviews, Healthcare: The Journal of Delivery Science and Innovation, Healthcare — Open Access, Journal Primary Healthcare: Open Access, Journal of Pharmaceutical Care & Health Systems, Journal of Compassionate Health Care, Journal of Child Health Care, Journal for Healthcare Quality, Journal of Healthcare Management, Medical Care Research and Review
Hand hygiene is characterized as any technique that removes or destroys microorganisms on hands. It is very much recorded that the most vital measure for keeping the spread of pathogens is successful hand cleaning. Antibiotic resistance is a developing concern. Hand washing prevents the spread of germs. Hands are the most uncovered piece of the body to germs. Touching the eyes, mouth, nose or eatables, infected areas helps in transferring the germs into the body.
Related journal are : Journal of Oral Hygiene & Health, American Journal of Infection Control American, Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, Annals of Occupational Hygiene, American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine, Wei sheng yan jiu = Journal of hygiene research, Japanese Journal of Hygiene, Hygiene + Medizin, Journal of Water Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, Journal of Food: Microbiology, Safety & Hygiene,
The issue of Hygiene is one of the building blocks to making health systems more effective. Inspection of the environmental hygiene and air hygiene ,Sampling and microbiological analysis of raw materials and product samples .
Journal realted to Hygiene Management : International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene, Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, Journal of environmental health (J ENVIRON HEALTH)
Infection control is a field of study concerned with preventing non-social or social health care related problems, a practical sub-discipline of the study of disease transmission. Infection control addresses variables identified with the spread of diseases inside the healthcare services setting (regardless of whether understanding to-quiet, from patients to staff and from staff to patients, or among-staff), including prevention by means of hand cleanliness/hand washing, cleaning/purification/disinfection, immunization, reconnaissance, observing/ examination of exhibited or associated spread with contamination inside a specific social insurance setting (observation and episode examination), and administration (interference of flare-ups).
Related journal are : American Journal of Infection Control, International Journal of Infection Control, Journal of Infection Prevention, American Journal of Infection Contro,l Prevention & Infection Control Journals, Journal of Infection and Public Health, Journal of Patient Safety & Infection Contro,l Journal of Hospital Infection, Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control, Canadian Journal of Infection Control ,Infection Control & HospitalEpidemiology, Journal of Infectious Diseases and Diagnosis
Dental hygiene is the act of keeping one's mouth clean and free of germs, by normal brushing and cleaning in the teeth. It is important oral cleanliness is finished all the time, as it can keep dental illness from happening. The most widely recognized sorts of oral disease is dental decay (otherwise called dental caries), gingivitis and periodontitis. If the dental hygiene is not practiced, there is a chance of occurrence of oral diseases like Plaque, Dental caries, Periodontitis, Oral cancer, periodontal disease, Tooth pathology, Systemic disease.
Journals related to this topic are: Dental Implants and Dentures: Open Access, International Journal of Dental Hygiene, Canadian Journal of Dental Hygiene, Journal of Dental Hygiene, Oral Health and Dental Management ,Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene, The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice, The Saudi Dental Journal, Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine, Archives of Oral Biology, Oral Health and Dental Management
It is an information based activity. Disease surveillance involving the collection, analysis and interpretation of large volumes of data originating from a variety of sources.It is a systematic collection and analysis of data and collecting the information which leads to action being taken to prevent and control a disease, usually one of an infectious nature.
Journal related to Disease Surveillance International Journal of Infectious Diseases, Journal of Public Health Management and Practice , Advances in Disease Surveillance, Journal of Ultra Scientist of Physical Sciences
It is defined as the number of persons that die within a population at a given interval of time. It is associated with different types of terms like Crude mortality rate, Age-specific mortality rate, Infant mortality rate, Maternal mortality rate and Under-5 mortality rate. Cancer, heart diseases, accidents, diabetes etc. are the most common causes of death. Mortality data can be used in explaining trends and differentials in overall mortality can act as Clue for epidemiological research, and analysis of public health problems can be monitored. Incomplete reporting of death, Lack of accuracy Lack of uniformity-hampers the national and international comparability are some of the limitations of mortality data.
Journal related to Mortality: Research in population economics, Population briefs: reports on Population Council research, SSM - Population Health, Mahidol population gazette / Institute for Population and Social Research,
In order to recognize disease by means of signs, symptoms and tests protocol is followed which identifies a person’s weakness and strength; these steps are known as diagnostic procedures like mammograms and colonoscopies. These tests establish a diagnosis in symptomatic patients, Screen for disease in asymptomatic patients and provide prognostic information in patients with established disease. A test may be performed to confirm that a person is free from a disease or to track progression. It can be divided into Differential Diagnosis (distinguishes one disease from several other similar disorders) and Diagnosis by exclusion (eliminates all possible diseases under consideration).Thus the criteria for on accurate clinical diagnosis include: a good case history, a thorough clinical examination and relevant investigations / diagnostic tests.
Journal related to Diagnostic procedure: Journal of Medical Microbiology and Diagnosis, Journal of Diagnostic Techniques and Biomedical Analysis, Journal of Molecular Diagnostics, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, Oral surgery, oral diagnosis : OSD, Journal of Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Procedures, Serodiagnosis and Immunotherapy in Infectious Disease
Poor health and disability can be associated with morbidity. It is a condition of being diseased and can be used to describe demographically, how often a disease occurs within a population. Morbidity can be measured in terms of number of persons who were ill, illnesses these persons experienced, and the duration of these illnesses. Morbidity rate is a broad statistic that relates to the likelihood of developing or contracting a certain illness or event. Respiratory tract infections, hypertension, tuberculosis, heart disease etc. are the leading causes of morbidity. Low dose of aspirin is the most common preventative measure taken to reduce morbidity.
Journal related to Morbidity: Journal of Population Economics, Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, Journal of health & population in developing countries, Journal of Population Research
A medical device is any product used to diagnose, cure, or treat a condition, or to prevent disease. The term medical device includes all products, except medicines, used in healthcare for the diagnosis, prevention, monitoring or treatment of illness or disability.
Journal related to Safety of Medical Devices : Medical Safety & Global Health, Journal of Medical Devices, SSRG International Journal of Medical Science (SSRG-IJMS), International Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Technology, Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Medical Imaging
Adolescence can be referred to as a transitional phase of growth and development where various physiological changes take place in the body during the period from puberty to legal adulthood (13- 19 years). Adolescent health deals with preventing, detecting and treating young people’s health and well-being. The sedentary lifestyle is the key contributor which affects the teen health (Excess Tobacco/ Alcohol, Lack of vegetables & fruits, no exercise etc.). The behavioral patterns established during these developmental periods help determine young people's current health status and their risk for developing chronic diseases in adulthood. To cope up with this issue health education, skill based education, early diagnostics and management of medical and behavioral problem should be promoted.
Journal related to Adolescent Health: Journal of Adolescent Health, Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, Journal of Indian Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care, Pediatrics, Child and Adolescent Health, International Perspectives on Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Antimicrobial resistance happens when microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites) change when they are exposed to antimicrobial drugs (such as antibiotics, antifungals, antivirals, antimalarials, and anthelmintics). List of some multi-resistant bacteria species such as Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (community and hospital MRSA, Vancomycin Resistant Enterococcus (VRE), Streptococcus pneumonia, Multi-resistant Acinetobacter baumani.
Journal related to Multiresistant Pathogen : Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseasess, Journal of Pathogens, Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance, International Journal of Infection
Author(s): Angelova ST
The highlight of the conception of healthcare gravitates to prevention of the onset and control of progression of diseases of various types. Our main task is to stimulate researchers from all over ... Read More
Author(s): Adiela María Cortés Cortés and Jhon Henry Galvis García
The need to select suitable disinfectants for disinfection processes in biomedical equipment and in hospital environment has been highlighted for several decades in multiple scientific articles. D ... Read More
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