Journal of Surgery and Emergency Medicine

About Journal of Surgery and Emergency Medicine

Welcome!!!

Journal of Surgery and Emergency Medicine is an international squint reviewed journal that was launched back a couple of years. It also includes pre-hospital and hospital emergency medicine and critical care with general operations such as, spinal, cardiovascular, abdominal, heart, head, breast, spine, back, colorectal, and other types of surgery.

The purpose of the Journal of Surgery and Emergency Medicine is to publish general operations and critical care , emergency medicine articles on all aspects of surgery and emergency medicine. We have written all sorts of paper works such as research studies, evidence-based analyses, resuscitation commentaries, accidents, major and minor injuries, clinical and medical case reports, short emails, commentaries, images, video posts, professional evaluations and thesis etc.

Scope and importance

Emergency medicine is a specialty area focused on the expertise and skills required to prevent, treat and handle acute and urgent illness and injury issues that impact patients of all ages with a broad range of undifferentiated physical and behavioral disorders. It's a speciality where time is important.

Emergency medicine is a medical specialty that needs urgent medical care for adult and pediatric patients with acute diseases or injuries. Emergency medicine physicians (DOs / MDs) treat a number of diseases and perform immediate procedures to resuscitate and stabilize patients while not typically delivering long-term or continuing care. Emergency medicine doctors work in hospital emergency rooms, pre-hospital facilities by emergency ambulance services, other areas where the primary medical diagnosis of the disease takes place, and the intensive care unit, recently. Just as physicians work in broad medical facilities under the principles of immediacy, medical practitioners aim to treat emergency symptoms and stabilize the patient for final treatment. Physicians in the US and Canada who are trained in emergency medicine can join fellowships to obtain qualifications in subspecialties. There are palliative medicine, critical care medicine, medical toxicology, outdoor medicine, pediatric emergency medicine, sports medicine, disaster medicine, ultrasound, treatment for pain, emergency medicine, and undersea and hyperbaric medicine.

Associations and Societies of Surgery and Emergency medicine:

  • Society of Emergency Medicine India
  • International Federation for Emergency Medicine
  • The African Federation for Emergency Medicine
  • The International Emergency Management Society
  • Society for Critical Care Medicine
  • American Academy of Emergency Medicine
  • Society of Academic Emergency Medicine
  • Members Society-AFEM

Submit manuscript as https://www.imedpub.com/submissions/surgery-emergency-medicine.html or [email protected]

 

General Surgery And Its Specialties

General surgery is a specialization of fame of surgical procedures that primarily focuses on the area of the stomach including the neck , chest, colon, intestine, pancreas, liver , gallbladder and occasionally the thyroid gland. General surgery also treats ailments such as head, bosom, fracture, delicate tissue, hernia, and vascular surgery. Surgery techniques such as laparoscopic surgery are important and as an essential skill that provides the surgical technique and. Operations are conducted by negligibly obtrusive devices to reduce patients ' pain, in addition to enhanced rehabilitation. This general surgery ended every stomach operation. For instance, morbid obesity, evacuation of threatening entrail tumors, and repair of hernia.

Orthopedic Surgery

Orthopedic surgery is the study of surgery that affects the musculoskeletal system in circumstances. Using both surgical and non-chirurgical instruments, cancers, spine diseases, degenerative diseases, sports accidents, congenital defects, and infections to treat orthopedic musculoskeletal trauma surgeons. Orthopedic surgery focuses on primarily orthopedic subspecialties: adult and joint replacement reconstruction, hip surgery, sports medicine, wrist and hand surgery, elbow and shoulder surgery, ankle and foot surgery, tumor surgery, trauma surgery, pediatric surgery and recovery, and physical medicine.

Otorhinolaryngology Surgery

Otorhinolaryngology is a surgical subspecialty of medicine that contracts with ear, nose , and throat disorders and associated head and neck structures. Oto means ears; rhino denotes nose and larynx as the throat; the denotation of larynx requires surgical involvement in the head and neck regions for operations and diseases. The operation on the ears, nose , and throat, in the region of the head and neck, is to treat atypical defects. These treatments include stapedotomy to correct hearing loss defects, a method that removes all or part of a bone in themiddleear. The isrebuildingoftheeardrum is tympanoplastic. Cochlear implants described as the establishment of a system to stimulate nerve ends to allow hearing inside the inner portion of the ear.

Ophthalmic Surgery

Ophthalmic surgery, known as ocular surgery, done at the eye. Laser eye surgery or laser corneal surgery is the process that laser expenditure on the surface of the eye is accomplishing. This technique is used for treating disorders such as myopia, hypermetopic and astigmatism. Glaucoma means increased eye or nervous system present in the eye resulting in loss of vision and this is well understood as increased intro-ocular pressure. Ophthalmologist specializes in the treatment of all eye conditions. An ophthalmologist performs eye surgery, and ophthalmologists will distinguish multiple problems. Canaloplasty is a form of enhancing the drainage from the eyes by non-penetrating operation. Anterior vasectomy is the removal of the front portion of the eye to minimize intraocular pressure and can be used to treat vitreous failure before or after treatment for corneal cataract.

Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery

Oral and maxillofacial surgery, which treat various syndromes, diseases and facial defects, jaws, arms, neck and facial and oral hard and soft tissues. Oral and maxillofacial surgery is an important speciality in surgery. Central Treatments conducted in areas of craniomaxillofacial, such as mouth, jaws, nose, back, skull, may include dental procedure. The appropriate choice is surgery to insert Osseointegrated implants to correct  implants for maxillofacial and dental problems area treatment, and cosmetic surgery for the area of the neck and head. Specific procedures performed in the craniomaxillofacial area include: ears, teeth, nose, back, skull, and dental surgery, head surgery and neck , reconstruction or corrective jaw sleep surgery, surgery, genioplasty and maxillomandibular therapy.

Endocrine Surgery

Endocrine surgery is a specialized area of surgery that focuses on the treatment of thyroid, parathyroid, and adrenal gland problems, as well as gastrointestinal and pancreatic endocrine carcinomas. Endocrine surgery may be performed on endocrine glands in the human body to treat a hormonal or anti-hormonal effect. It includes surgery to remove carcinomas that have grown on or inside the endocrine gland. The method of procedure is called endonasal surgery by endoscopic technique. Usually the endocrine process includes the thyroid parathyroid glands and the adrenal glands. The most common endocrine surgery may include thyroid removal, followed by removal of the parathyroid gland.

Cardiothoracic Surgery

Cardiothoracic surgery is the field of medicine involved in the surgical care of organs within the chest that are usually concerned with heart and lung disorders. Separate surgical specialties include cardiac surgery and thoracic surgery. Cardiovascular surgery is cardiac surgeons conduct surgery on the heart. This is usually performed to treat ischemic disease symptoms, to correct congenital heart disease, or to treat valvular heart disease from different causes, including rheumatic heart disease, atherosclerosis, and endocarditis. Cardiac transplantation also falls into this group. Cardiothoracic surgery is the treatment of organs within the thoracic cavity by operation. Cardiac surgery and thoracic surgery are different specialties. Bi-pass cardiac surgery is an surgical procedure in which the cardiac is opened and operation is carried out on the heart 's internal constructions. The procedure is done using minimally invasive surgical tool.

Transplantation Surgery

Transplantation surgery is a human surgical procedure in which a body tissue or organ is transferred from a giver to a recipient or from one part of the body to the next. Kidneys, liver , heart, lungs, pancreas, digestive tract, and thymus are species that can be transplanted. Sorts of surgical transplantation include Xenograft and xenotransplantation. Organ donors can live through circulatory death, mind dead, or dead. Tissue can be retrieved from donors going through circulatory death, and mind going through the end of the pulse up to 24 hours.  Not like organs at all, most tissues can be preserved and stored for up to five years, meaning they can be "banked" Transplantation poses numerous bioethical concerns like the nature of death, whether and when the transplantation will take place.

Obstetrics and Gynaecological Surgery

In general, gynecological surgery may be performed for cosmetic or elective purposes. Operational Gynec and surgeries usually require Endometrial Biopsy and Uterine. The Urogynecology team treats patients who have pelvic floor problems. Gynaecologists are specialized in minimally invasive Gynecologic procedures to detect noncancerous gynaecological symptoms such as long menstrual cycles. Gynecologic oncologist analyzes and performs cancers of women, such as uterine, cervical, vaginal and vulvar cancers. Obstetrics is the division of medicine that, during pregnancy, childbirth, mainly emphasizes woman complaints.  Gynaecology is an extensive field which focuses on women's general health care.

Urology Surgery

Urology surgery is also known as genitourinary surgery; it is the medicine section that addresses male and female urinary tract organs and male reproductive system surgery and diseases. The organs under the urology section are lungs, adrenal glands, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra and the reproductive organs of males. Endourology is a technique used to insert small cameras and devices into the urinary tract. Transurethral surgery was the keystone of Endourology. Pediatric urology deals with pediatric urological conditions. These disorders are mainly cryptorchidism, congenital genitourinary tract defects, enuresis, immature genitalia, and vesicoureteral reflux. Reconstructive surgery is a highly specialized urological area that reinstates both construction and work. Feminine Urology is a urology division that treats overactive bladder, pelvic organ prolapses and urinary incontinence.

Acute Care Surgery

Acute Care Surgery is a specialty developed with three key components-trauma, critical care , and emergency operations. Subsequent study of active critical care system administrators and major trauma organizations found that trauma and critical care doctors were increasingly responsible for emergency surgery. This combined responsibility was the product of an growing need in both academic and public hospitals for trauma and emergency surgical care. Educational gap in emerging trauma and acute care surgery was identified. Trauma and intensive care surgery practitioners have set educational targets and built a more structured prospectus for training programs to fill this educational void. The Acute Care Surgery team offers multidisciplinary medical care, education and training, as well as advanced trauma, burn, emergency surgery and critical care research.

Neurosurgery

Neurosurgery is the medical discipline concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, surgical treatment , and recovery of diseases affecting the nervous system including the spinal cord, brain , the extra-crane cerebrovascular system and peripheral nerves. Neurasthenia is an significant division formed in endovascular surgery. Neurosurgery divisions include vascular neurosurgery and endovascular neurosurgery. Many of these neurosurgical classes include stereotactic neurosurgery, epilepsy surgery, endovascular neurosurgery, vascular neurosurgery and functional neurosurgery; after some more neurosurgical they are: partial or complete corpus colostomy.

Plastic Surgery

Plastic surgery is an surgical discipline related to the repair, reconstruction, or alteration of the human body. Key branches in plastic surgery include cosmetic or esthetic surgery, reconstructive surgery, hand surgery, craniofacial surgery, microsurgery, and burn care. Plastic surgery is a therapeutic procedure for altering or re-establishing body shape. Reconstructive cosmetic surgery may be done to resolve the physical impairments related to trauma, trauma, and facial bone fractures or congenital construction, such as cleft palate, infectious diseases. Typically cosmetic surgery should be performed to enhance the physical appearance.  Cosmetic chirurgy is an elective grinding technique. Craniofacial surgery is divided into craniofacial surgery and pediatric surgery for adults.

Anaesthesiology

Anesthesia comes from the Greek meaning sensation loss Anesthetic procedure has grown from a desire for pain relief and altered perception to enable surgery. In addition, a reversible state of unconsciousness is accomplished with anesthesia. It can be divided into three stages: induction, upkeep, and emergence. Nerve transmission is blocked in regional anesthesia, and the patient may remain awake or be sedated or anesthetized during the procedure. Anesthesia of conduction in which small nerves are not anesthetized individually, as in anesthesia of the nerve block, but rather blocked by local anesthetic solution injected to form a barrier close to the operating site.  Peripheral blocks of the nerves (PNB) used for surgical anesthesia as well as postoperative and nonoperative analgesia. In some clinical conditions PNBs give distinct advantages over general or neuraxial anesthesia.

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