Outcome of one-stage open reduction and salterâ??s osteotomy for developmental dysplasia of the hip (ddh) after walking age at French medical institute for mothers and children (fmic), Kabul, Afghanistan

Background: Developmental dysplasia of the Hip (DDH) generally includes subluxation or dislocation of femo¬ral head from acetabulum and acetabular dysplasia. DDH is one of the most common congenital problems and occurs in new-borns with different causes such as ligamentous laxity, difficult delivery and postnatal position¬ing. Estimates of the incidence rate of DDH are 1-2 per 1000 live births. The risk of a second child being affected in a family with one child with DDH is approximately 10 times that in the general population.

Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the outcomes of one-stage open reduction and Salter’s oste¬otomy for Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH) among children at FMIC. Methodology: A retrospective case series study design was employed. The data was collected from the avail¬able records of 150 participants who had undergone one-stage open reduction and Salter’s osteotomy proce¬dure at FMIC hospital at the period of 2011 to 2016. Age of participant was 18-36 months. Majority 112(74.6%) of the participants were female and 38(26.4%) were male. 60 participants (40%) had bilateral DDH, 53(35.3%) had left side and 37(24.7%) were right side. Post operation follow up age was 34.29 months.

Author(s): Shekaib Rahman Behroz, Mirza Mohammad Nijirabi and Ezatullah Faiz

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