Assessment of Health Status and Monitoring of Healthcare Systems in Rural Areas of Gwalior District, Madhya Pradesh, India

The present study was conducted in village Nayagaon of Gwalior district with the emphasis on to assess the health status and family history of the people residing in the village. Nayagaon village is rural with majority of the population relying on labour and small-scale business. On general observation and interviews it was observed that the people of the village are exposed to various health diseases and disorders. About 19.3% of people were working as labourers in the stone crushers, where they are exposed to various occupational hazards. Health condition of the people in the village was found not unsatisfactory as evident from the prevalence of various ailments like Buccal cavity infection (18.2% males; 2.6% females), allergy (13.1% males; 5.6% females), asthma (8.1% males; 2.6% females), low vision (12.1% males; 10.4% females) Acidity (6.1% males; 3.9% females) etc. On comparing with the standard weight for various height groups it was clearly observed that all the males and females have weights lower than the standard. The village does not have any primary health centre. Therefore, village people have to cover a distance of 9 km for obtaining medical facility. Majority of the people are still using traditional medicines to cure various diseases. Maximum percentage of the population does not have any sort of knowledge regarding the family planning programmes and their benefits. Majority of the people in the village use dung cakes and fuel wood for cooking. Thus, most of the women population are exposed to a number of indoor air pollutants, emitted from these fuels.

Author(s): Riyaz Baba and Suhail Jeelani Shah

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