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The mining activity and its impact on plant biodiversity: A case study at Bhiwani open cast mining zones-Haryana, India

The mining is a destructive activity generated by human being for providing strength and security to his living standard. The mining in the concerned zones provides raw materials in the form of crusher, gravels and stones, etc. for construction of roads, railway lines and other infrastructures. From the last few years the mining rate has increased several times. It results in the loss of biodiversity of both flora and fauna and physiographic features of the concerned region. After the mining operation in any area is over, the sign of same lie for decades and may be forever. It results in creation of so many environment related problems and health hazards. During the study, impacts of mining over plant biodiversity at six sites have been evaluated. At the entire sites, a total of 96 different plant species of herbs, shrubs and trees belonging to 36 families and 88 Genera were identified. The entire sites are considered biodiversity rich, which have threat of loss due to mining and its related activities.

Author(s): Pawan Kumar

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