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Proximate composition and nutrient analysis of Aneilema aequinoctiale leaves

This work was carried out to determine the proximate composition, mineral elements, vitamins and anti-nutrients of Aneilema aequinoctiale. The results from the proximate analysis indicate that the plant contained some important nutrients such as carbohydrate 46.02 ± 0.01%, lipid 29.68 ± 0.01%, crude protein 17.05 ± 0.01%, crude fibre 1.34 ± 0.02% and had Caloric value of 519.37±0.02 kcal. The mineral element analyzed were Calcium (Ca) 232.90 ± 0.01mg/kg, Iron (Fe) 154.39 ± 0.02mg/kg, Potassium (K) 147.62 ± 0.02mg/kg, Cadmium (Cd) 0.49 ± 0.02mg/kg and Copper (Cu) 0.68 ± 0.11mg/kg. The anti-nutrient analysis revealed that the plant contained 4.34 ± 0.03 mg/100g hydrocyanic acid, 378.39 ± 0.01mg/100g soluble oxalate and 857 ± 1.4mg/100g total oxalates, while phytate had a value of 0.08±0.02mg/100g. Vitamins analysis showed the presence of vitamin C (ascorbic acid) 0.73 ± 0.04mg/100g, and vitamin A (retinol) 0.32±0.02mg/100g.

Author(s): U. D. Akpabio* and E. E. Ikpe

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