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Biomorphological Analysis and Identification of Subspecies of Juniperus communis in Azerbaijan

Juniperus communis L. belongs to the family Cupressaceae and can be found mainly in temperate and subtropical regions. Juniper has a significant place in folklore for its diverse ethno botanical, medical, veterinary and culinary uses. Mainly, Juniper can grow in a wide range of soil types at varying altitudes, but it favors free draining soils and rarely inhabits wet conditions [1-3]. The veracious dispensation and amplitude of Juniperus species can be known only with some degree of accuracy [4]. Due to their potential to grow under the hard conditions, Junipers are particularly suited for afforestation programs in various ecological regions [5]. Generally, this species has expanded in opulence and habitat range with some fluctuations based on naturally and man caused fires. Most of Juniperus species has rapidly self-reestablishment ability. Reestablishment in before occupied areas and additionally spread into new areas is a progressing process especially in the lack of regular fire. The detailed study of Junipers biomorphology and ecology is essential for better appreciation the difference in abundance of this species, its impact on ecosystem structure and function.

Author(s): Elshad Gurbanov and Afag Rzaeva

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