Nanotechnology a developing field of Science and Technology will leave no field untouched by its ground breaking scientific innovations. The agricultural industry is no exception. So far, the use of nanotechnology in agriculture has been mostly theoretical, but it has begun and will continue to have a significant effect in the main areas of the food industry: development of new functional materials, product development, and design of methods and instrumentation for food safety and bio-security. The effects on society as a whole will be dramatic. Recent advances in materials science and chemistry have produced mastery in nanoparticle technology, with wide ramifications in the field of agriculture. Obviously, there is an opportunity for nanotechnology to have a significant influence on energy, the economy and the environment.