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Journal of Geriatric Research

About Journal of Geriatric Research

Journal of Geriatric Research is a peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary journal that focuses on dispersing new advances in geriatric science and clinical care. Journal of Geriatric Research focuses on fields such as ageing, geriatric anesthesia, neuroscience, neurology, rehabilitation, and geriatric oncology & care management rheumatology. Geriatric Research also pertains to advancement in diagnosis, treatment as well as patho-physiological conditions associated with old age, such as arthritis, renal impairment, urinary incontinence, cognitive conditions, chronic pain of joints and bones, neurological diseases, impairment of sight and hearing, Alzheimer’s diseases, sleep problems, rapid weight loss, cataracts, delirium and dementia. The journal publishes manuscripts regarding developments in the field of gerontological research focused on the innovation of highly efficient therapeutic practices.

The journal uses the Editorial Tracking Framework for the process of content peer review. Review processing is performed by Journal's members of the editorial board; at least two independent reviewers are required to approve any citable manuscript, followed by editor approval. Authors can track their advancements through the system. Reviewers are able to access manuscripts and give their views to the publisher. The entire submission / review / review / publish cycle can be handled by editors.


Submit manusript as an e-mail attachment to the Editorial Office at https://www.imedpub.com/submissions/geriatric-medicine-research.html or [email protected]

Alzheimer Disease

Alzheimers is a chronic neurodegenerative disease in which the death of brain cells causes memory loss and cognitive decline. A neurodegenerative type of dementia, the disease starts mild and gets progressively worse. The cause of Alzheimers disease is not properly understood. About 70 percent of the risk is believed to be genetic with many genes usually involved. Other risk factors include a history of head injuries, depression, hypertension, age and lifestyle. The disease process is associated with plaques and tangles in the brain. Alzheimers disease is usually diagnosed based on the persons medical history, history from relatives, and behavioral observations. Advanced medical imaging with computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and with single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) or positron emission tomography (PET) can be used to help exclude other cerebral pathology or sub types of dementia.

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Cardiogeriatrics

Cardiogeriatrics or geriatric cardiology is the branch of cardiology and geriatric medicine which deals with the cardiovascular disorders in elderly people. Cardiac disorders as coronary heart disease (including myocardial infarction, heart failure, cardiomyopathy, arrhythmias (as atrial fibrillation) and others are common and are a major cause of mortality in elderly people. Vascular disorders such as atherosclerosis and peripheral arterial disease cause significant morbidity in aged people. Cardiovascular disease at elderly age is superimposed on the cardiovascular changes of aging, most of which underlie many common disorders of aging and limit the physiologic compensatory mechanisms for disease.

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Journal of Aging and Geriatric Psychiatry, Journal of Gerontology and Geriatric Research, Current Research : Cardiology, Internal Medicine : Open access, Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases & Diagnosis, Atherosclerosis :Open Access, Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology, Clinics in Mother and Child Health, Jouranal of Aging Science.

Depression Treatment

Depression is condition of mood and antipathy to activity which affect the behaviour, feeling and sense of wellbeing. It causes severe symptoms that affect how you feel, think, and handle daily activities, such as sleeping, eating, or working. Depression is of different types; Persistent depressive disorder (also called dysthymia), perinatal depression, psychotic depression, seasonal affective disorder and Bipolar disorder. Treatment of depression can involve a number of aspects, each of which can be tailored to your individual need. Medication, talking therapies psychoeducation and complementary therapies such as counselling can be effective. In medication, antidepressants are prescribed by doctor and in talking therapies; supportive counselling is a treatment for milder forms of depression, where it is as effective as antidepressant medication. More specific therapies e.g. cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) can be effective for more significant depression.

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Geriatrics

The term geriatrics originates from the Greek geron signifying "old man", and iatros signifying "healer". Geriatrics or geriatric drug is a claim to fame that spotlights on human services of elderly individuals. It means to advance wellbeing by anticipating and treating ailments and inabilities in more seasoned grown-ups. There is no set age at which patients might be under the consideration of a geriatrician or geriatric doctor, a doctor who has practical experience in the consideration of elderly individuals. Geriatrics likewise called restorative gerontology. Geriatrics contrasts from standard grown-up drug since it concentrates on the one of a kind need of the elderly individual. The matured body is distinctive physiologically from the more youthful grown-up body, and amid seniority, the decrease of different organ frameworks gets to be show.

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Journal of Aging and Geriatric Psychiatry, Journal of Gerontology and Geriatric Research, Natural Products Chemistry & Research.

Geriatric Physician

A Geriatrician is an allopathic or osteopathic health care provider who is specifically trained to evaluate and manage the unique health care needs and treatment preferences of older people. Geriatricians prevent, manage and develop care plans that address the special health problems of the elderly. Generally, geriatricians are primary care physicians who are board-certified in either family medicine or internal medicine and have completed the additional training necessary to become board certified in geriatric care. Geriatricians focus on maintaining patient wellbeing and independent functioning. They diagnose and treat conditions that may commonly occur with age. If they suspect cancer, neurological problems or other serious health issues, they may also refer patients to specialists and work with interdisciplinary teams to coordinate care. Geriatricians may also work with other health professionals who specialize in caring for older adults, including geriatric nurses, geriatric pharmacists, physical therapists, occupational therapists and mental health professionals.

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Geriatric Rehabilitation

Geriatric Rehabilitation covers three areas – normal aging due to disuse and deconditioning, cardiovascular problems like vascular disease and stroke, and skeletal problems including osteoporosis and osteoarthritis conditions such as knee and hip replacements. Rehabilitation maintains functional independence in the elderly. The prevention of falls and osteoporosis can improve the patient's health and longevity. Addressing malnutrition can promote healing and vitalize the patient to participate in a formal rehabilitation program. Depression is common in the older population if a functional loss of mobility and an inability to perform activities of daily living (ADLs) predominates. Geriatric Rehabilitation also have a role in intermediate care, where patients are referred by a hospital or family doctor, when there is a requirement to provide hospital based short term intensive physical therapy aimed at the recovery of musculoskeletal function, particularly recovery from joint, tendon, or ligament repair and physical medicine.

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Geriatric Rheumatology

Geriatric Rheumatology is the branch of prescription that studies rheumatologic disarranges in matured. It is likewise called Gerontorheumatology. The geriatric rheumatology clinic provides evaluation and management services to patients with various musculoskeletal and soft tissue disorders. Geriatric Rheumatology fortifies the conflict that the present information perceive a knowledge gap and a need to readdress the characteristic chronicles and best treatment of rheumatic contamination in a demographic get together for which discharged experience and clinical test information are lacking. Gerontorheumatology concurs with the particular qualities of onset, course and cure of rheumatic diseases in patients of refined age. The essential conclusion of provocative rheumatic contamination after the age of 60 is prevented by the recurrence of non-particular general disease side effects.

Gerontological Nursing

Gerontological Nursing is the specialty of nursing pertaining to older adults. Geriatric Nursing is a comprehensive source for clinical information and management advice relating to the care of older adults. Gerontological nurses work in collaboration with older adults, their families, and communities to support healthy aging, maximum functioning, and quality of life. Gerontological nursing draws on knowledge about complex factors that affect the health of older adults. Older adults are more likely than younger adults to have one or more chronic health conditions, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer, arthritis, hearing impairment, or a form of dementia such as Alzheimer's disease and drug metabolism changes with aging, adding to the complexity of health needs. Gerontological nurses work in a variety of settings, including acute care hospitals, rehabilitation, nursing homes (also known as long term care homes and skilled nursing facilities), assisted living facilities, retirement homes, community health agencies, and the patient's home.

Gerontology

Gerontology is the study of aging and older adults. The study of gerontology has advanced as life span has made strides. Analysts in this field are assorted and are prepared in territories, for example, physiology, sociology, brain science, general wellbeing, and approach. It is recognized from geriatrics, which is the branch of medication that represents considerable authority in the treatment of existing illness in more established grown-ups. Gerontologists incorporate analysts and professionals in the fields of science, nursing, pharmaceutical, criminology, dentistry, social work, physical and word related treatment, brain research, psychiatry, human science, financial aspects, political science, design, geology, drug store, general wellbeing, lodging, and human studies. Gerontology incorporates the considering physical, mental, and social changes in individuals as they age, examining the organic maturing process itself (biogerontology), researching the social and psychosocial effects of maturing (sociogerontology), exploring the mental impacts on maturing (psychogerontology), exploring the interface of natural maturing with maturing related illness (geroscience), exploring the impacts of a maturing populace on society applying this information to strategies and projects, including the plainly visible and tiny points of view.

Ageing

Mortality are often accustomed define biological aging, which refers to an organism's increased rate of death because it progresses throughout its lifecycle and increases its age. Another possible way to define aging is through functional definitions, of which there are two main types. The first describes how varying types of deteriorative changes that accumulate in the life of a post-maturation organism can leave it vulnerable, resulting in a decreased ability of the organism to survive. The second is a senescence-based definition; this describes age-related changes in an organism that increase its mortality rate over time by negatively affecting its vitality and functional performance. An important distinction to form is that biological aging isn't an equivalent thing because the accumulation of diseases associated with old age; disease may be a blanket term wont to describe a process within an organism that causes a decrease in its functional ability. Age can result in visual impairment, whereby non-verbal communication is reduced, which can lead to isolation and possible depression. Older adults, however, might not suffer depression the maximum amount as younger adults, and were paradoxically found to possess improved mood despite declining physical health. Macular degeneration causes vision loss and increases with age, affecting nearly 12% of those above the age of 80.This degeneration is caused by systemic changes in the circulation of waste products and by growth of abnormal vessels round the retina.

Occupational Therapy

Occupational Therapy (OT) is the use of assessment and treatment to develop, recover, or maintain the daily living and work skills of people with a physical, mental, or cognitive disorder. Occupational therapists also focus much of their work on identifying and eliminating environmental barriers to independence and participation in daily activities. Occupational therapy is a client-centred health profession concerned with promoting health and well-being through occupation. Occupational therapists and occupational therapy assistants help people across the lifespan participate in the things they want to, need to, and are expected to do through the therapeutic use of everyday activities. Occupational therapy services typically include an individualized evaluation, customized intervention to improve the person’s ability to perform daily activities and reach the goals, and an outcomes evaluation to ensure that the goals are being met and/or make changes to the intervention plan.

Paralysis Agitans

Parkinsons disease (PD) is a long term disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects the motor system. Parkinsons disease (PD) is a chronic and progressive movement disorder, meaning that symptoms continue and worsen over time. The cause is unknown, and although there is presently no cure, there are treatment options such as medication and surgery to manage its symptoms. The term Parkinsonism is used for a motor syndrome whose main symptoms are tremor at rest, stiffness, slowing of movement and postural instability. Parkinsonian syndromes can be divided into four subtypes, according to their origin: primary or idiopathic, secondary or acquired, hereditary Parkinsonism, and Parkinson plus syndromes or multiple system degeneration.

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Psychogeriatrics

Geriatric psychiatry, also called geropsychiatry, psychogeriatric or psychiatry of maturity is a subspecialty of psychiatry managing the study, aversion, and treatment of mental issue in people with seniority. Following a 4-year residency in psychiatry, a specialist can finish one-year cooperation in geriatric psychiatry. As the populace ages, especially in creating nations, this field is turning out to be more required. The determination, treatment and administration of dementia and misery are two zones of this field. The American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry is the national association speaking to social insurance suppliers represent considerable authority in late life mental scatters. The International Psychogeriatric Association is a global group of researchers and human services geriatric experts working for emotional wellness in maturing.

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Geriatrics Endocrinology and Diabetes

Among the elderly population, type 2 diabetes is a growing issue, and a bigger extent of recently analysed diabetics is older. Manifestations of endocrine disease in older patients may also be mistakenly attributed to worsening of comorbid illnesses or medications by clinicians (e.g., exacerbations of congestive heart failure, atrial fibrillation. Finally, it is increasingly common for endocrine “disorders” in older persons to present with only biochemical abnormalities in the absence of appreciable symptoms (e.g., asymptomatic mild hypercalcemia secondary to primary hyperparathyroidism or subclinical hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism).Older patients with endocrine disorders often suffer from multiple chronic medical conditions (or “multimorbidity”) that can complicate and confound clinical manifestations, evaluation, and management. The presence of concomitant comorbidities, medications used to treat these conditions, and changes in nutritional status may affect and confuse the biochemical evaluation of endocrine disorders (e.g., alterations in thyroid function tests by non-thyroidal illness, so-called euthyroid sick syndromes, or alterations in sex hormone binding globulin, SHBG, by illness, medications or aging that lower total testosterone levels but may not affect free testosterone levels). In order to minimize drug toxicity, polypharmacy, and iatrogenic disease in geriatric patients, hormone treatment should generally be initiated at low doses and increased gradually with careful monitoring to achieve the lowest dosage needed to achieve the desired therapeutic benefits without adverse effects.

Geriatric Oncology

Geriatric oncology is that the concept for management of elderly cancer patients. Therefore it's not a subspecialty but a practice which may be translated within the elderly cancer patient's care. The treatment of cancer is predicated on equivalent principles than this of younger patients; recommendations used are those of the scientific oncological societies. Health problems of elderly patients are screened by specific tools. Patients without major health problems are managed by the oncological team within the routine; those for whom screening have demonstrated problems are first evaluated within the geriatrics setting then oncological decisions are adapted to the patient situation. Decisions are made in specific geriatric oncology conferences. Specific clinical trials are required to create an Evidence Based Medicine background. Geriatric oncology teaching programs are warranted. The cellular and molecular mechanisms regulating the physiological process of ageing and senescence are far away from understood, although inflammation is probably going to play a crucial role, a minimum of in some cancers. Additionally, the connection between ageing and cancer risk is additionally faraway from understood. One among the foremost intriguing aspects of ageing is how different the ageing process is from person to person; the idea for this variation is essentially unknown. Population-based studies and longitudinal surveys have shown that comorbidity and physical and mental functioning are important risk factors; thus, a meaningful assessment of comorbidity and disability should be implemented in clinical practice. Modern geriatrics is targeted towards patients with multiple problems.

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