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Documentation of Medicinal Plants from SV Govt. Degree & PG College Campus Palem, Mahabubnagar Dist. Telangana, India

D.S.R. Rajender Singh1 and P. Shivakumar Singh*2

1SV Arts and science, Degree and PG College, Palem, Mahabubnagar, District, Telangana, India

2Dept. of PG Studies and Research in Botany, MVS Govt. Degree and PG College, Mahabubnagar, Telangana, India

*Corresponding Author:
P. Shivakumar Singh
Dept. of PG Studies and Research in Botany
MVS Govt. Degree and PG College
Mahabubnagar, Telangana, India
E-mail: [email protected]
 
Visit for more related articles at American Journal of Ethnomedicine

Abstract

Objectives: Documentation of medicinal plants from the campus of SV Govt. Degree & PG College Palem. Methods: Regular field trips were conducted, the information about the plants was recorded using standard questionnaire with the informers. The collected plant specimens were authentically identified with the help standard of floras.
Results: A total about 46 medicinal plants species were documented from the study area. Of 46 plants species belonging to 44 genera and 23 families were found useful. The largest families Anacardiaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Fabaceae were represented 05 species followed by Euphorbiaceae 04 species Asteraceae 3 species. Whereas 09 families i.e., Acanthaceae, Amarathaceae, Cactaceae, Lamiaceae, Mimosaceae, Moraceae, Rutaceae, Sapindaceae, Solanaceae represented by 2 of each species. While the 11 families represented single species.
Concussion:
The present documentation will be useful to the campus students for further research and field works.

Keywords

SV Govt. Degree & PG College campus, Medicinal plants, Mahabubnagar, Telangana.

INTRODUCTION

Man has been using plants from ancient time and research workers are constantly brings to light additional information on the relationship between plants and man. The theme of ethnobotany or folkloric botany reveals interrelation of plants and man. The field verge upon the study of ethnobotany plays imperative role because of the chance of direct contact that can be recognized with the genuine information on the use of plants, both wild and cultivated from the people.

The information of medicinal plants has been accumulated in the course of many centuries based on different Indian systems of medicines [1]. Drugs obtained from plant are believed to be much safer and exhibit a remarkable efficacy in the treatment of various ailments [2].

Indian traditional medicine is based on different systems such as Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani used by various communities [3]. Thus, there is now necessity for ethno-botanical research amongst indigenous people [4]. In recent years, customary ethnobotanical studies have received much concentration due to their wide local acceptability and clues for new or less known medicinal plants [5].

Today there is an increasing desire to unravel the role of ethnobotanical studies in trapping the centuries old traditional folk knowledge as well as in searching new plant resources of food, drug etc. [6,7]. People living in the developing countries rely quite effectively on traditional medicine for primary health care [8,9].

The study area having huge biodiversity but from here no one earlier reported on documentation of medicinal plants. The present report representing uniqueness.

In the present report an attempt has been made to document the medicinal plants flora of SV UG & PG College Palem, this will become source for further research and field studies of campus.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Regular field trips were conducted in the study area (SV Govt. UG & PG College Palem, having 9 acres of black soil land Fig.1) during the period from June 2014 to Nov 2014. Campus surrounding localities were selected for the folkloric knowledge on medicinal plants documentation. During the fieldwork, frequent visits were made to the folkloric practitioners and efforts were made to convince them to disclose their folkloric knowledge about the healing plants. The information about the plants was recorded by means of discussions using standard questionnaire [10] with the informers along with the field visits during the collection hours. The documentation was done in the campus with the present of folkloric medicinal practitioner.

ethnomedicine-study-area

Figure 1: Study area

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Figure 2: Frequency distribution of medicinal plants in the study area

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Figure 3: Frequency distribution of parts used of medicinal plants in the study area

ethnomedicine-frequency-medicinal-plants

Figure 4: Frequency number of medicinal plants used in treating various ailments in the study area

The collected plant specimens were authentically identified with the help of floras such as, Flora of Andhra Pradesh [11], Flora of British India [12] and Flora of Gulbarga District [13], herbarium specimens were prepared and deposited in SV Arts and science, Degree and PG College, Palem, Mahabubnagar, District, Telangana, India.

RESULTS

During the documentation of medicinal plants perception from SV Govt. Degree & PG College campus 46 medicinal plants species were documented. Of 46 plants species belonging to 44 genera and 23 families were found useful. The largest families Anacardiaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Fabaceae were represented 05 species followed by Euphorbiaceae 04 species Asteraceae 3 species. Whereas 09 families i.e., Acanthaceae, Amarathaceae, Cactaceae, Lamiaceae, Mimosaceae, Moraceae, Rutaceae, Sapindaceae, Solanaceae, represented by 2 of each species. While the 11 families represented single species each i. e., Celastraceae, Cucurbitaceae, Liliaceae, Malvaceae, Myrtaceae, Oxalidaceae, Papaveraceae, Santalaceae, Scorphulariaceae, Zingiberaceae, Zygophyllaceae. While the 13 families represented single species each. In the following enumeration, the species are arranged alphabetically. The plant species are enumerated alphabetically by botanical name, family followed by plant part used (Table-1). The paper presents a brief account of the medicinal plants flora and their uses.

Table 1: Documented medicinal plant of SV Govt. Degree & PG College campus Palem, Mahabub nagar district, Telangana, India

Family Botanical name Common name Medicinal Property Effective part
Acanthaceae Adathoda Zeylanica Medic. Adasaram Asthma Young leaves
      Skin problems & Piles Leaf
  Andrographis paniculata (burm.f.) Wall. Vasantha Skin problems Fruit
      Diarrhea & dysentery leaves
Amarathaceae Achyranthus aspera L. Uthareni Teeth pain Roots
      Diarrhea & dysentery Leaves
  Amaranthus spinosus L. Mullu thota kura Diarrhea & dysentery Root
Anacardiaceae Mangifera indica L., Mamidi Menstrual disorder Bark
  Calotropis procera R. Br. Jilledu Menstrual disorder Fruits
  Gymnema sylvestre (Retz.) R.Br.ex.Schult Podapathri Asthma Fruit
  Hemidesmus indicus L., Reddi Teeth pain Roots
  Tylophora indica (Brum.f.) Merrill. Kakapala Asthma Root
Asteraceae Tagetes erecta L., Banthi Teeth pain Leaf
  Tridax procumbens L. Nallalam Cuts Leaf
  Eclipta alba Hassk. Galagara Teeth pain Leaves
Cactaceae Opuntia dillenii (Ker – Gawler) Haw., Pampadga Urinary disorders Fruit
  Carica papaya L. Popai Menstrual disorder Fruit
Celastraceae Gymnosporia montana (Roth) Benth. Dantha Diarrhea & dysentery Leaves
Cucurbitaceae Coccinia indica Wt &Arn., Advi donda Urinary disorders Root
Euphorbiaceae Ricinus communis L., Amudam Urinary disorders Root
  Emblica officinalis Gaertn. Usri Asthma Seeds
      Piles Fruit
  Euphorbia hirta L., Nanabala Asthma Whole plant
      Diarrhea & dysentery Whole plant
  Phyllanthus niruri L., Nelausri Skin problems Leaves
      Diarrhea & dysentery Leaf
Fabaceae Saraca  asoca (Roxb) De Wilde Asoka Menstrual disorder Bark
      Diarrhea & dysentery Flower
  Tephrosia purpurea (L.) pears. Vempalli Menstrual disorder Whole plant
  Cassia auriculata L. Thangedu Wound healing Flowers
  Dolichas biflorous L., Ulvalu Piles Seeds
  Cassia tora L., Vanka thangedu Teeth pain Leaves
Lamiaceae Ocimum sanctum L., Thulasi Asthma Fruits
  Coleus aromaticus Benth. Gunugu Diarrhea & dysentery Leaf
Liliaceae Aloe vera Mill. kalabanada Menstrual disorder Aloe
Malvaceae Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet.   Wound healing Leaves
Mimosaceae Mimosa pudica L., Athipathi Wound healing Diarrhea & dysentery Leaf
  Acacia nilotica (L.) DELLILE Nallathumma Skin problems Leaves
Moraceae Ficus racemosa (L.) Medi Wound healing Bark
  Ficus bengalensis L. Marri Teeth pain Bark
Myrtaceae Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels. Jaama Menstrual disorder Leaves
Oxalidaceae Oxalis corniculata L., Ambati kura Wound healing Whole plant
Papaveraceae Argemone mexicana L. Jeripothu alaam Skin problems Root
Rutaceae Ruta chalepensis L.,   Asthma Leaves
  Murraya koenigii (L.) Karepaku Piles Leaves
Santalaceae Santalum album L., Chandanam Skin problems Wood
Sapindaceae Dodonaea viscose (L.) Jacq. Jadukattala Wound healing Root
  Cardiospermum helicacabum L. Allena Diarrhea & dysentery Leaves
Scorphulariaceae Digitalis purpurea Ganneru adavi Wound healing Leaf
Solanaceae Datura metal L. Umetha Menstrual disorder Leaves & seeds
  Solanum xanthocarpum Schard and Wendl. Kukka vankaya Teeth pain Fruits & seeds
Zingiberaceae Curcuma longa L., Pasupu Wound healing Leaves
Zygophyllaceae Tribulus terrestris L., Pallerukaya Urinary disorders Seeds

The present documentation will be useful to the campus students for further research and field works.

DISCUSSION

Obtained present results were compared with the available literature and found that many of the usages listed are not recorded earlier [14-16]. However, the use of Oxalis corniculata L., whole for wound healing, root of Dodonaea viscose (L.) Jacq. to reduce wound healing, leaves of Cardiospermum helicacabum L. for Diarrhea & dysentery and the leaves of Digitalis purpurea for wounds were also not reported.

CONCLUSION

The documentation of medicinal plants flora is the only way to preserve the fundamental knowledge of the plant resources of the study area (campus). So it concluded that the present documentation will be useful to the campus students for further research and field works.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

Authors are grateful to the SV Govt. Degree & PG College ex-authority Palem, Mahabubnagar Dist. Telangana for conservation of medicinal plants, also thankful to folkloric people of Palem for sharing knowledge.

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