Workplace Health Risk Associated Diseases and the Practice of Workplace Health Promotion in Nigerian Banking Sector

This study investigated the common workplace health risks, their associated health problems and the practice of workplace health promotion in the Nigerian Banking Sector, using banks in Owerri, Imo State as a case study. A descriptive survey was carried out among bankers within Owerri by using a structured questionnaire. Participants were selected randomly from branches of 15 different banks, 165 copies of self administered questionnaire were distributed to the bankers but 132 bankers returned the completed questionnaire giving a response rate of 80%. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics of percentage, frequency distribution, pie and bar charts. The null hypotheses were tested using t-test. The results showed that the common workplace health risks were: long hours of work (95%,) Excessive work load (80%), prolonged static posture (87.9%), prolonged computer usage (81.8%), work periods extending to weekends (74.2%), very high targets (72.7%), job insecurity (72.7%), disregard for health (65.2%), unhealthy eating at work (63.6%), the office being too cold (60.6%) and friction with colleagues (59.1%). The study also showed that bankers suffered from adverse health conditions such as stress related problems (86.4%), musculoskeletal disorders (80.3%), prolonged headaches (71.2%), trauma (65.2%), concentration/ focus problems (63.6%), respiratory/allergic (53%), eye/vision (53%). The banks do not practice any significant level of workplace health promotion.

Author(s): Eberendu IF, Agu GC, Ihekaire DE, Obioma JE, Ozims SJ, Obasi CC, Nwanjo HU, Amah HC, Nwosu DC and Amah CC, Uchegbu U, Obeagu EI and Ibanga IE

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