Understanding the Hydrochemistry of Groundwater and its Suitability for Drinking and Irrigation in Ellenabad Area of Haryana (India)

The present study deals with the evaluation of groundwater quality of some villages near Ellenabad city of Haryana state (India). For this, 40 representative groundwater samples were collected in the pre-monsoon period of 2017. The samples were analyzed for various physicochemical parameters like pH, TDS, EC, Ca, Mg, Na, K, sulfate, nitrate, chloride, fluoride, carbonate and bicarbonate ions. The drinking water quality has been assessed by the comparison of the results by WHO and BIS standards. Water Quality Index (WQI) has been calculated to assess groundwater quality. A number of parameters such as %Na, sodium absorption ratio, residual sodium carbonate, Kelly Index, soluble sodium percentage, base exchange, and meteoric genesis have been calculated to assess the suitability for irrigation. Pearson's correlation matrix has been used to study the relationship between variables.

Author(s): Parul Kumar, Sushma Jain and Bhupender Kumar

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