The Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites in HIV Positive and HIV Negative Individuals in Kobo Health Center, Northeastern Ethiopia: Comparative Cross Sectional

Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections and associated factors among HIV positive and negative individuals visiting Kobo health center. Methods: A comparative cross-sectional study was conducted from April 2014 to July 2014. Each participant was interviewed for socio-demographic variables and stool specimen was collected from each participant and examined by direct wet mount and formol ether concentration technique. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 16.0 statistical programs. Results: A total of 100 individuals was involved during the study of which 50 of them were HIV positive and the rest 50 were HIV negative individuals. According to our study, intestinal parasites were found in 8 (16%) among the HIV-infected and 5 (10%) among the HIV-negative individuals. Of the study participants who were living with HIV/AIDS, the majority (12%) of them infected with intestinal parasites were females. Among the HIV positive individuals Ascaris lumbricoides 5 (62.5%), 2 (25%) Enterobius vermicularis were common, whereas Entamoeba histolytica 4 (80%) was the predominant parasite among the HIV negative individuals. Besides, multivariate logistic regression of HIV positive individuals also showed that sex, poor personal hygiene habits, and younger age were significantly associated with having intestinal parasites. Conclusion: Routine examination of stool samples for parasites would significantly benefit not only the HIV-infected patients, but also the uninfected individuals from contributing to reduce morbidity and improved quality of life.

Author(s): Gessessew Bugssa, Balem Dimtsu, Habtamu Tarekegn, Mengesha Kassaw and Abebaw Tafete

Abstract | PDF

Share This Article
Google scholar citation report
Citations : 408

British Biomedical Bulletin received 408 citations as per google scholar report

Abstracted/Indexed in
  • Google Scholar
  • Genamics JournalSeek
  • Academic Keys
  • ResearchBible
  • The Global Impact Factor (GIF)
  • International Society of Universal Research in Sciences
  • China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI)
  • CiteFactor
  • Open Academic Journals Index (OAJI)
  • Directory of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI)
  • Scientific Journal Impact Factor
  • Jour Informatics
  • International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)
  • CiteSeerx
  • Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research
  • Secret Search Engine Labs

View More »

Flyer image