Phytochemical Screening and GCMS Studies of the Medicinal Plant Pavetta indica Linn

Objective: The plant Pavetta indica Linn.is variable shrub (or) small tree belonging to the family of Rubiaceae, reported to have medicinal properties. The leaves and roots of this plant are used in poultices for boils and itches, to cure hemorrhoidal pain, constipation, jaundice etc. The present work is aimed at the phytochemical screening and GCMS Studies for the presence of secondary metabolites like alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenoids, steroids, tannins, etc.
The Phytochemical screening of the leaf extracts were carried out applying the standard methods and tests. It shows the presence of metabolites like alkaloids, carbohydrate, tannins, steroidal glycosides, steroids, flavonoids, etc. The ethanolic extract was subjected to GCMS studies.
Results: The phytochemical screening reveals that the both ethanolic and methanolic extracts of Pavetta indica Linn. contains the phytoconstituents - alkaloids, carbohydrate, tannins, steroidal glycosides, steroids, flavonoids, etc. The GCMS analysis of ethanolic extracts indicates the presence of 36 phytoconstituents belonging to the types of acids, alkanes, amines, esters and phenolic compounds. Conclusion: The phytochemical screening and GCMS analysis of the extracts are in good agreement with the presence of alkaloids; four alkaloids are reported to be present by the GCMS studies. The medicinal properties of Pavetta indica Linn. may are attributed to the presence of alkaloids.

Author(s): S. Suresh, G.Pradheesh, Dr. V. Alex Ramani

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