Physiological Responses of some Plant Species to Crude Oil and its Effects Residues on Seed Germination.

The goal of this paper was to identify potentially useful plant indicator species for ecological restoration and remediate of oil contaminated soils. The use of plant-based system to remediate contaminated soils has become an area of intense scientific study in recent years and it is apparent that plant which grow well in contaminated soils need to be identified and screened for use in phytoremediation technologies. Therefore, in this study the effect of crude oil on germination and seedling emergence of selected plant species was investigated. The objective was to determine if crude oil exerts detrimental effect to plants during early critical stages in their development. The detrimental effect growth was compared to the control. Oil pollution in whatever form is toxic to some plant species and their environment has been observed by many researcher workers that crude oil affects soil properties and this in turn affects the physiological, anatomical and development of plants grown on such soils. The germination process is a very extremely sensitive phase in plant growth and development, being indicative to any type of environmental contaminants.

Author(s): Ghazala Ahmad Hamaden Mansour* 1, Aiad Abdelkareim Akhreim Alzway2, Mohamed Younes A. Hassan3and Idress Hamad Attitalla4

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