Antidesma ghaesembilla Gaertn. is small deciduous tree belongs to family Euphorbiaceae; its leaves and fruits are edible, nutritious and plant possess medicinal property. Due to the dual significance in traditional system of medicine the plant Antidesma ghaesembilla Gaertn. are selected for present work. The leaves of Antidesma ghaesembilla used as vegetable in rural area of Western Ghats and its paste applied on headache. In present investigation macroscopic, microscopic characters were studied along with powder behaviour, fluorescence studies and phytochemical screening etc. The powder behaviour indicates the presence of alkaloids, xanthoprotein, tannin, cystine and oil etc.