Evaluation of phytochemical, antibacterial, antifungal activities of leaf extracts of Morinda citrifolia (Linn)

The present study was assigned to evaluate phytochemical, antibacterial and antifungal activities of leaf extract of Morinda citrifolia L. The antibacterial activity was tested against gram positive bacteria Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas fluroscence and Salmonella typhi using disc diffusion method. Methanol extract showed highest zone of inhibition in B. subtilis. The antifungal activity was tested against Aspergillus niger, Candida albicans and Daedalea flavida. Methanol extract showed highest zone of inhibition in A. niger. The leaf extract noticed phytochemicals such as tannin, phenol, alkaloid, flavonoids, glycosides, steroids and terpenoids. Both the bacterial and fungal strains were exhibited significant inhibition. Phenol and anthraquinone activity was also performed.

Author(s): S. L. Kakad, S. S. Pise and A. J. Dhembare

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