Abstract

Euro Cancer 2019: A comparative study between duct-to-mucosa and invagination technique for reconstruction after pancreaticoduodenectomy- Ahmed Hussein Abdelhafez- University of AIN SHAMS

Background: The pancreaticojejunostomy has famously been known to convey a high pace of usable intricacies; dreariness, and mortality mostly due to anstomotic release and resulting septic confusions.

Patients and methods: Patients and techniques: From January 2012 to October 2015, we introduced an imminent report which included 24 patients who experienced pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) activity through either Whipple resection or changed Whipple (pylorus-saving). Patients were looked into and isolated into 2 gatherings (A,B) as per the kind of pancreaticojejunostomy ( PJ), (invagination versus channel to-mucosa). Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is the most regularly utilized standard activity for both kind and threatening sicknesses in the pancreatic head. After the resection, pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) is respected the most pivotal and risky strategy [1–8]. The postoperative horribleness rate related with PD stays high, going somewhere in the range of 20% and 60% [1, 9]. Significant complexities related with PD incorporate postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF), intra-stomach assortment or ulcer, and postponed gastric discharging (DGE). Among these, POPF was the most widely recognized and dangerous inconvenience, with a recurrence extending from 5% to 40%. Every one of these entanglements can prompt delayed emergency clinic stays and expanded medical clinic costs. Various strategies or procedures were investigated to diminish POPF occurrence after PD. Also, various PJ alterations were tried to lessen the dreariness after PD. Notwithstanding, barely any top notch randomized controlled preliminaries (RCTs) were led to evaluate these adjustments. In this way, the best PJ method stays obscure.

PJ is normally utilized as a remaking strategy in various pancreatic focuses, and pipe to-mucosa and invagination PJs are two great methods; a few RCTs were directed to think about these two. Be that as it may, the quantity of subjects was moderately little or their outcomes were hard to decipher due to the various meanings of POPF, differing careful methods and changes, and different perioperative medicines utilized. A meta-examination directed by Hua et al. uncovered that invagination PJ procedure isn't better than channel to-mucosa PJ strategy regarding POPF occurrence yet seems to decrease clinically applicable POPF frequency; be that as it may, this solitary included five RCTs, and when the creators broke down the clinically significant POPF, just two examinations were incorporated. Regardless of whether there is a distinction in POPF and clinically significant POPF between the two PJ procedures stays dubious. As of late, more RCTs are presently accessible or progressing. A moderately high-caliber and high-volume RCT was directed in China, which applied the POPF definition proposed by the International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery (ISGPS), and the consequence of which was accessible on the web. The point of this meta-examination was to contrast the conduit with mucosa and invagination PJ strategies after PD. Affectability investigation Significant heterogeneities were found among the examinations just regarding clinically pertinent POPF and POPF in delicate pancreas. Affectability investigation was performed by erasing each examination or changing the impacts model to look at the dependability of the outcomes. No huge impact of individual information was discovered, uncovering that our meta-examination was steady.

Results: 24 patients were worked on: Group A; twelve patients had invagination procedure for PJ, while the twelve patients in bunch B had channel??? to-mucosa anastomotic strategy for PJ, 1 (8.3%) case in bunch A created pancreatic fistula (PF),while 3 (25%) cases in bunch B created PF, and 1 case (8.3%) in bunch A had mellow anastomotic hole which was overseen minimalistically, while 3 cases (25%) in bunch B created moderate to serious anastomotic hole with intra-stomach assortment which required CT-guided percutaneous seepage and employable intercession. Normal age was (mean � SD)=(55�12),average usable time was (245�75) min.

Conclusions: P. Fistula after PD speaks to a disturbing trigger of conceivably hazardous inconveniences. Despite the fact that the best strategy for managing the pancreatic stump after PD stays questionable, numerous reports depicted that with the invagination method; the pace of PF could diminish essentially contrasted with the pipe tomucosa procedure.

 


Author(s): Ahmed Hussein Abdelhafez

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