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Efficacy of Kegel Exercise vs. Lower Limb Plyometric Strengthening Exercise on Symptoms Associated with Stress Urinary Incontinence

Background: The prevalence of Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI) was seen predominantly in women. SUI is seen as common causative factors for females suffering from incontinence over the age of 40-50 years. SUI happens when physical movement or activity such as coughing, laughing, sneezing, running or heavy lifting puts pressure on your bladder causing the patient to leak urine. Kegel exercise and plyometric exercise treats SUI symptoms by reinforcing weakened pelvic floor muscle and improving elasticity.

Objective: To determine the efficacy of Kegel exercises and lower limb plyometric on pelvic floor muscle functions in symptoms associated with SUI

Methodology: This is an interventional study. 20 samples were diagnosed with SUI from urology department, MGMCRI. Aged between 40-50 years, who fulfilled inclusion criteria were selected. Subjects having patients who are suffering from CNS disorder, acute mental illness, Urology surgery, malignancy, urinary infection, hysterectomy, diabetic and degenerative conditions were excluded from the study. Samples were divided into two Groups A and B. Group A samples received Kegel exercise and Group B samples received plyometric exercises for a period of 3 months. Samples were asked to fill the questionnaire before and after exercise program. Pre and Post-test values were documented by using the I-QOL questionnaires.

Result analysis: Data’s are interpreted with the help of Incontinence quality of life questionnaire (schurch).

Conclusion: According to the results Lower limb Plyometric exercise found to be an effective treatment than the Kegel exercise for symptoms associated with SUI.

Author(s): Murugaraj T, Sabarish HN, Ashila A, Arunachalam R, Muralidharan CK and Shanmugananth E

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