Objective: The present study aims to investigate the various phytochemicals present in the tree species Madhuca insignis by employing GC-MS profiling.
Methodology: The different parts of the tree species viz., leaves, bark, roots, fruits and seeds was analysed by GC-MS profiling. Identification was based on the molecular structure, molecular mass and calculated fragments interpreted using NIST library.
Results: GC-MS profiling has revealed a total of 31 known compounds, the different classes identified ranged from fatty acid derivatives, steroids, terpenoids, hetrocyclic compounds, caratenoids to phenolic compounds. The identified compounds were reviewed to posses biological functions such as antimicrobial, antidiabetic, antitumor, anti-inflammatory activity and many more.
Conclusion: This study is a first time report of chemical profiling done in the riparian tree species Madhuca insignis (Radlk.)H.J.Lam to harness its medicinal potential by studying its active phytocomponents.