Journal of Geriatric Medicine Research is a multidisciplinary, peer reviewed journal that focuses on the dispersal of research developments in the field of geriatric medicine research and clinical care. Geriatric medicine research refers to the advancements pertaining to the diagnosis, treatment and management of diseases as well as patho-physiological conditions associated with old age, such as arthritis, renal impairment, urinary incontinence, cognitive conditions, chronic pain of joints and bones, neurological diseases, impairment of sight and hearing, Alzheimer’s diseases, sleep problems, rapid weight loss, cataracts, delirium and dementia. The journal publishes manuscripts regarding developments in the field of gerontological research focused on the innovation of highly efficient therapeutic practices in the treatment of chronic diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases and diabetes as well as management of oral health issues, degrading bone density, sleep problems and cognitive problems.
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Alzheimers is a chronic neurodegenerative disease in which the death of brain cells causes memory loss and cognitive decline. A neurodegenerative type of dementia, the disease starts mild and gets progressively worse. The cause of Alzheimers disease is not properly understood. About 70 percent of the risk is believed to be genetic with many genes usually involved. Other risk factors include a history of head injuries, depression, hypertension, age and lifestyle. The disease process is associated with plaques and tangles in the brain. Alzheimers disease is usually diagnosed based on the persons medical history, history from relatives, and behavioral observations. Advanced medical imaging with computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and with single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) or positron emission tomography (PET) can be used to help exclude other cerebral pathology or sub types of dementia.
Cardiogeriatrics or geriatric cardiology is the branch of cardiology and geriatric medicine which deals with the cardiovascular disorders in elderly people. Cardiac disorders as coronary heart disease (including myocardial infarction, heart failure, cardiomyopathy, arrhythmias (as atrial fibrillation) and others are common and are a major cause of mortality in elderly people. Vascular disorders such as atherosclerosis and peripheral arterial disease cause significant morbidity in aged people. Cardiovascular disease at elderly age is superimposed on the cardiovascular changes of aging, most of which underlie many common disorders of aging and limit the physiologic compensatory mechanisms for disease.
Depression is condition of mood and antipathy to activity which affect the behaviour, feeling and sense of wellbeing. It causes severe symptoms that affect how you feel, think, and handle daily activities, such as sleeping, eating, or working. Depression is of different types; Persistent depressive disorder (also called dysthymia), perinatal depression, psychotic depression, seasonal affective disorder and Bipolar disorder. Treatment of depression can involve a number of aspects, each of which can be tailored to your individual need. Medication, talking therapies psychoeducation and complementary therapies such as counselling can be effective. In medication, antidepressants are prescribed by doctor and in talking therapies; supportive counselling is a treatment for milder forms of depression, where it is as effective as antidepressant medication. More specific therapies e.g. cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) can be effective for more significant depression.
The term geriatrics originates from the Greek geron signifying "old man", and iatros signifying "healer". Geriatrics or geriatric drug is a claim to fame that spotlights on human services of elderly individuals. It means to advance wellbeing by anticipating and treating ailments and inabilities in more seasoned grown-ups. There is no set age at which patients might be under the consideration of a geriatrician or geriatric doctor, a doctor who has practical experience in the consideration of elderly individuals. Geriatrics likewise called restorative gerontology. Geriatrics contrasts from standard grown-up drug since it concentrates on the one of a kind need of the elderly individual. The matured body is distinctive physiologically from the more youthful grown-up body, and amid seniority, the decrease of different organ frameworks gets to be show.
A Geriatrician is an allopathic or osteopathic health care provider who is specifically trained to evaluate and manage the unique health care needs and treatment preferences of older people. Geriatricians prevent, manage and develop care plans that address the special health problems of the elderly. Generally, geriatricians are primary care physicians who are board-certified in either family medicine or internal medicine and have completed the additional training necessary to become board certified in geriatric medicine. Geriatricians focus on maintaining patient wellbeing and independent functioning. They diagnose and treat conditions that may commonly occur with age. If they suspect cancer, neurological problems or other serious health issues, they may also refer patients to specialists and work with interdisciplinary teams to coordinate care. Geriatricians may also work with other health professionals who specialize in caring for older adults, including geriatric nurses, geriatric pharmacists, physical therapists, occupational therapists and mental health professionals.
Geriatric Rehabilitation covers three areas – normal aging due to disuse and deconditioning, cardiovascular problems like vascular disease and stroke, and skeletal problems including osteoporosis and osteoarthritis conditions such as knee and hip replacements. Rehabilitation maintains functional independence in the elderly. The prevention of falls and osteoporosis can improve the patient's health and longevity. Addressing malnutrition can promote healing and vitalize the patient to participate in a formal rehabilitation program. Depression is common in the older population if a functional loss of mobility and an inability to perform activities of daily living (ADLs) predominates. Geriatric Rehabilitation also have a role in intermediate care, where patients are referred by a hospital or family doctor, when there is a requirement to provide hospital based short term intensive physical therapy aimed at the recovery of musculoskeletal function, particularly recovery from joint, tendon, or ligament repair and physical medicine.
Geriatric Rheumatology is the branch of prescription that studies rheumatologic disarranges in matured. It is likewise called Gerontorheumatology. The geriatric rheumatology clinic provides evaluation and management services to patients with various musculoskeletal and soft tissue disorders. Geriatric Rheumatology fortifies the conflict that the present information perceive a knowledge gap and a need to readdress the characteristic chronicles and best treatment of rheumatic contamination in a demographic get together for which discharged experience and clinical test information are lacking. Gerontorheumatology concurs with the particular qualities of onset, course and cure of rheumatic diseases in patients of refined age. The essential conclusion of provocative rheumatic contamination after the age of 60 is prevented by the recurrence of non-particular general disease side effects.
Gerontological Nursing is the specialty of nursing pertaining to older adults. Geriatric Nursing is a comprehensive source for clinical information and management advice relating to the care of older adults. Gerontological nurses work in collaboration with older adults, their families, and communities to support healthy aging, maximum functioning, and quality of life. Gerontological nursing draws on knowledge about complex factors that affect the health of older adults. Older adults are more likely than younger adults to have one or more chronic health conditions, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer, arthritis, hearing impairment, or a form of dementia such as Alzheimer's disease and drug metabolism changes with aging, adding to the complexity of health needs. Gerontological nurses work in a variety of settings, including acute care hospitals, rehabilitation, nursing homes (also known as long term care homes and skilled nursing facilities), assisted living facilities, retirement homes, community health agencies, and the patient's home.
Gerontology is the study of aging and older adults. The study of gerontology has advanced as life span has made strides. Analysts in this field are assorted and are prepared in territories, for example, physiology, sociology, brain science, general wellbeing, and approach. It is recognized from geriatrics, which is the branch of medication that represents considerable authority in the treatment of existing illness in more established grown-ups. Gerontologists incorporate analysts and professionals in the fields of science, nursing, pharmaceutical, criminology, dentistry, social work, physical and word related treatment, brain research, psychiatry, human science, financial aspects, political science, design, geology, drug store, general wellbeing, lodging, and human studies. Gerontology incorporates the considering physical, mental, and social changes in individuals as they age, examining the organic maturing process itself (biogerontology), researching the social and psychosocial effects of maturing (sociogerontology), exploring the mental impacts on maturing (psychogerontology), exploring the interface of natural maturing with maturing related illness (geroscience), exploring the impacts of a maturing populace on society applying this information to strategies and projects, including the plainly visible and tiny points of view.
Arteriosclerosis happens when the blood vessels that convey oxygen and supplements from your heart to whatever remains of your body turn out to be thick and solid — now and then limiting blood stream to your organs and tissues. Healthy arteries are adaptable and versatile, however after some time, the walls in your arteries can solidify, a condition ordinarily called hardening of the arteries. Atherosclerosis is a particular sort of arteriosclerosis, yet the terms are at times utilized conversely. Atherosclerosis alludes to the development of fats, cholesterol and different substances in and on your arteries walls (plaques), which can confine blood flow. These plaques can blast, setting off blood coagulation. Atherosclerosis can happen in a corridor anyplace in your body, including your heart, legs, and kidneys. Most side effects of section agony or angina torment in your leg, arm, and anyplace else that has a blocked course, shortness of breath, exhaustion, disarray, which happens if the blockage influences atherosclerosis doesn’t appear until a blockage happens. Basic manifestations include: mid- dissemination to your mind, muscle shortcoming in your legs from absence of flow.
Occupational Therapy (OT) is the use of assessment and treatment to develop, recover, or maintain the daily living and work skills of people with a physical, mental, or cognitive disorder. Occupational therapists also focus much of their work on identifying and eliminating environmental barriers to independence and participation in daily activities. Occupational therapy is a client-centred health profession concerned with promoting health and well-being through occupation. Occupational therapists and occupational therapy assistants help people across the lifespan participate in the things they want to, need to, and are expected to do through the therapeutic use of everyday activities. Occupational therapy services typically include an individualized evaluation, customized intervention to improve the person’s ability to perform daily activities and reach the goals, and an outcomes evaluation to ensure that the goals are being met and/or make changes to the intervention plan.
Parkinsons disease (PD) is a long term disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects the motor system. Parkinsons disease (PD) is a chronic and progressive movement disorder, meaning that symptoms continue and worsen over time. The cause is unknown, and although there is presently no cure, there are treatment options such as medication and surgery to manage its symptoms. The term Parkinsonism is used for a motor syndrome whose main symptoms are tremor at rest, stiffness, slowing of movement and postural instability. Parkinsonian syndromes can be divided into four subtypes, according to their origin: primary or idiopathic, secondary or acquired, hereditary Parkinsonism, and Parkinson plus syndromes or multiple system degeneration.
Geriatric psychiatry, also called geropsychiatry, psychogeriatric or psychiatry of maturity is a subspecialty of psychiatry managing the study, aversion, and treatment of mental issue in people with seniority. Following a 4-year residency in psychiatry, a specialist can finish one-year cooperation in geriatric psychiatry. As the populace ages, especially in creating nations, this field is turning out to be more required. The determination, treatment and administration of dementia and misery are two zones of this field. The American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry is the national association speaking to social insurance suppliers represent considerable authority in late life mental scatters. The International Psychogeriatric Association is a global group of researchers and human services geriatric experts working for emotional wellness in maturing.
Sundown Syndromes a psychological phenomenon that cause a variety of behavior, such as confusion, anxiety, aggression or ignoring directions that generally affects people with dementia or cognitive impairment and usually strikes around sunset. Sundowning can also lead to pacing or wandering. Most commonly associated with Alzheimer's disease, but also found in those with mixed dementia. The specific causes of sundowning have not been empirically proven but some evidence suggests that circadian rhythm disruption enhances sundowning behavior. There is an association between sundown syndrome and changes in the internal biological clock among people with dementia. The internal clock governed by the circadian rhythms controls sleeping and waking, is connected to how active we are at different times of the day, and influences changes in the body that regulate behavior.
Teledermatology is a subspecialty in the medical field of dermatology and probably one of the most common applications of telemedicine and e-health. Perednia and Brown were the dermatologists who first coined the term “teledermatology” in 1995. Telecommuncation technologies are being used to transfer medical information over varying distances through audio, visual and data communication. Applications of teledermatology span different areas of health care management such as consultation, diagnoses, treatment and even education. There are two concepts which form the basis for the practice of teledermatology (as telemedicine): Store and forward (SAF), and real time or interactive teledermatology. The SAF and real time application methods can also be combined to form hybrid modes of data transmission. Health care management and education and information are the area where teledermatology can be applied.
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