Autism is a developmental disorder identify by difficulties with social interplay  and communication, and by restricted and repetitive behavior. Parents often notice signs during the three years of their child's life. These signs often develop gradually, though some with autism experience in their and social skills after reaching at a normal pace. Autism is associated with a combination of genetic and factors. Risk factors during include certain, such as rubella, toxins valproic acid, cocaine, lead, and air fetal growth, and autoimmune diseases. Controversies surround other environmental causes; for example, the vaccine hypothesis, which has been disproven. Autism affects information processing in the brain and how nerve cells and their synapses and organize; how this occurs is not well understood. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), combines autism and less severe forms of the condition, including Asperger and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) into the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

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