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To assess the food concepts, lifestyle and dietary patterns among the adults with diabetes mellitus: A crosssectional study

Joint Event on 26th World Nutrition Congress & 15th Euro Obesity and Endocrinology Congress
June 17-18, 2019 London, UK

Faran Khan, Zahra Khan and Marriam Ahmed

University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Pakistan

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Clin Nutr Diet


Statement of the Problem: Diabetes mellitus needs special implementation and maintenance of dietary habits, lifestyle practices, and food concepts for it's management. Diabetes mellitus affects approximately 422 million people around the globe. Diabetes prevalence has been rising more rapidly in middle and low-income countries. It is estimated that 1.5 million deaths were directly caused by diabetes and 2.2 million deaths caused by high blood glucose This study was designed to asses the relationship of food concepts, lifestyle practices and dietary patterns among adults with diabetes mellitus.

Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: The people with diabetes mellitus were selected from the OPD’s (Outpatient department) and diabetic wards from different private and government hospitals of Lahore. The questionnaire was developed to assess lifestyle applies, eating patterns and food perceptions among adults with diabetes. The questionnaire contains mixed questions of both open and closed ended.

Findings: Study showed that 55.8% adults have family history of diabetes mellitus. Approximately 41.8% people were physically inactive and have a sedentary lifestyle. And 47.8% people were not dining out at all. Participants having no or less education have more uncontrolled HbA1C as compared to educated participants. 6% uneducated participants and 1.8% educated participants had uncontrolled HbA1C level.

Conclusion & Significance: The food concepts of diabetic patients vary from each other people having less knowledge regarding food concepts. There is lack of physical activity among individuals and Consumption of major meals was adequate. Uneducated people were having uncontrolled HbA1c level as compared to educated participants.



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