Ornithogalum species consumed as medicinal plant

Joint Event on 3rd World Congress on NATURAL PRODUCTS CHEMISTRY AND RESEARCH & 12th WORLD PHARMA CONGRESS
October 16-18, 2017 Budapest, Hungary

Sahane Funda Arslanoglu and R?±za Gursel Ilgu

University of Ondokuz Mayis, Turkey

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: Am J Ethnomed

DOI: 10.21767/2348-9502-C1-003

Abstract

Turkey is the gene center of many plant species. There are some documents about studies on the preservation, sustainability and evaluation of plants found in natural flora. The most of plants are collected uncontrollably from nature. They consume fresh, dried or different methods. Some of them are Ornithogalum species known as Turkish name “Cigdem, Tukrukotu, Sakarcan”. Ornithogalum, a member of the family Hyacinthaceae, contains around 150 species. Geofit is a plant. There are 44 species in Turkey, 17 of which are endemic. It grows with onions and seeds. The plant grow up well in barnyard area, not process soil and hazelnut fields. White flowering bulbs are collected from the mid of February until the end of April from nature. These onions can be consumed as fresh, boiled, roasted, pickled and preserves. The onions contain saponin. It is used as digestive system activator, constipation reliever, diabet and cholesterol control. The gathering of the plant with its bulbs in the flowering period prevents both the onions and the seeds from being transferred to the next generation. This situation will be caused to disappear of ornithogalum species from nature. In this research, the growing areas of Ornithogalum species collected from nature in Turkey, consumption forms as medicinal plant or vegetables and their consumption purposes were mentioned. In addition, with the survey conducted, lost amount by collecting from the nature was determined during the last 10 years .

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