Endocrine aspects of obesity in men: New links and consequences

Joint Event on 7th Edition of International Conference on Pain Management & 8th Edition of International Conference on Internal Medicine & Patient Care
March 25-26, 2019 Rome, Italy

Nevena Ilic, Corrado Pasquali, Angelina Stevanovic, Violeta Culafic Vojinovic,Tatjana Eror and Sasa Ivanovic

Euromedik General Hospital, Serbia Sant’ Eugenio Hospital, Italy

ScientificTracks Abstracts: Int J Anesth Pain Med

DOI: 10.21767/2471-982X-C1-005


Epidemiological studies in last ten years have shown that 30-50% of obese men have lower testosterone levels for age. Pathophysiological mechanisms of so called dysmetabolic hypogonadism are complex and they involve cytokine (TNF , IL 1, IL 6) and adpokine (leptin) secretion, insulin resistance, abnormal turnover of many hormones due to an endocrine axis changes (GNRHLH- testosterone, GH-IGF-1, TSH-T4,T3, ACTH-cortisol) and obstructive sleep apnea with disturbed REM sleep phase. Low testosterone level causes body composition changes with higher total body fat percentage and loss of muscle mass. High body fat worsens insulin resistance which increases weight gain and obesity, creating a vicious cycle. Consequences of low testosterone level in obese men are higher risk of type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases, cancer, infertility, erectile dysfunction, bone loss, bone marrow changes depression, alzheimer’s disease and higher overall mortality. The dilemma is weather to treat these patients with hormone replace therapy or not. Recent studies have shown positive results in metabolic response such as better lipid status and increased insulin sensitivity, weight loss and body composition changes with a decrease of fat mass and increase of muscle mass in patients treated with testosterone replacement therapy. Further studies are required to prove if this kind of treatment decreases mortality risk.


Nevena Ilic has completed her Sub Specialization in Endocrinology at Belgrade University Medical School in 2009 and Master’s Degree in Thyroid Diseases in Italy 2014. She completed Internal Medicine Specialization at Military Medical Academy Hospital, Belgrade in 2002. Since, 2014 she works as Prime Endocrinologist at Euromedik General Hospital, Belgrade where, she organized endocrinology service and several symposiums in Belgrade and Rome where she was a speaker. She spoke at several international congresses. She has published 23 papers in reputed journals. She is a member of European and Italian Endocrinology Society.

E-mail: nevenanella@gmail.com


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