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CRYSTALLOGRAPHY OF OXIDIZED METAL(II)- DI(PHENOLATE) COMPLEXES; GEOMETRIC AND ELECTRONIC STRUCTURES RELATIONSHIP

3rd Edition of International Conference on Advanced Spectroscopy, Crystallography and Applications in Modern Chemistry
June 04-05, 2018 London, UK

Yuichi Shimazaki

Ibaraki University, Japan

ScientificTracks Abstracts: Struct Chem Crystallogr Commun

DOI: 10.21767/2470-9905-C1-005

Abstract

Oxidation chemistry of redox active transition metal complexes with pro-radical ligands and their detailed electronic structures have been actively pursued in recent years. An “experimental” valence state of metal complexes is sometime different from the “formal” oxidation state, especially in the species having redox active ligands. This difference can be seen in biological system, such as iron(IV)-porphyrin -cation radical in some heme proteins and copper(II)-phenoxyl radical in galactose oxidase (GO). Many efforts for determination of the experimental oxidation number have been close to the goal of the “truth oxidation state” in various oxidized metal complexes with redox-active ligands. Depending on the relative energies of the redox-active orbitals, metal complexes with non-innocent ligands exist in two limiting descriptions, either a metalligand radical (Mn+(L•)) or a high valent metal (M(n+1)+(L)) complex. The reaction mechanisms of artificial and biological catalysts depend on the electronic structures of the high valent intermediates. However, structural characterizations of these species by X-ray diffraction methods have been rare due to their stability. Recently, some artificial metal−phenoxyl radical complexes as models of GO have been synthesized and successfully characterized by X-ray crystal structure. The oneelectron oxidized metal-phenolate complexes showed various electronic structures depending on small perturbations, such as substitution of the phenolate ring and the chelate effect of the phenolate ligands and so on. In this presentation, I will focus on X-ray crystal structures of the one- and two-electron oxidized metal(II)–phenolate complexes  (Ni(II), Pd(II), Pt(II) and Cu(II)) with Schiff base ligands of 2N2O donor sets. Especially electronic and crystal structure relationship such as differences of metal-phenoxyl radical and high-valent metal
phenolate complexes, and the effect of different oxidation locus of the radical electron on the ligands in oxidized forms will be discussed. Recent Publications 1. Oshita H, Shimazaki Y, Yamauchi O, et al. Characterization of the one-electron oxidized Cu(II)salen complexes with a side chain aromatic ring: The effect of the indole ring on the Cu(II)-phenoxyl radical species. J. Bio. Inorg. Chem., in press. 2. Oshita H, Shimazaki Y, et.al. Group 10-Metal-pSubstituted Phenoxyl Radical Complexes with Schiff Base Ligands. ChemSelect., in press. 3. Shimazaki Y, Yajima T, Yamauchi O. (2015) Properties of the indole ring in metal complexes. A comparison with the phenol ring. J. Inorg. BioChem, 148: 105-115.

Biography

Yuichi Shimazaki was born in 1970 in Toyama prefecture, Japan. He received his Doctor’s degree in science from Nagoya University in 2000 under the supervision of Professor Osamu Yamauchi.  He joined Professor Yoshinori Naruta’s group at Kyushu University as Assistant Professor and worked on the redox behavior of various metal porphyrin complexes as models of the active site of metalloenzymes.  In 2008 he was promoted to Associate Professor at the College of Science, Ibaraki University.  His research interests include the oxidation chemistry of the complexes of various metal ions, model studies of metalloenzymes, bioorganometallic chemistry, and weak interactions in metal-organic molecule systems. Email:[email protected]

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