Sheylla SMS Almeida
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: Am J Ethnomed
The purpose of this research was to accomplish chemical study, antioxidant analysis and evaluation of the larvicidal potential against Aedes aegypti larvae of essential oil from the leaves of O. basilicum Linn. The research was carried out in the Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Laboratory, Department of Biologicaland Health Sciences, Federal University of Amapa (UNIFAP), between July 2013 and March 2014. Arthropoda Laboratory, Department of Biological and Health Sciences, Federal University of Amapa (UNIFAP) between September 2013 and March 2014. The essential oil was obtained by hydrodistillation; the identification and quantification of components was achieved with the use of GC-MS analysis. The antioxidante activity was evaluated by the method of sequestration of DPPH. The essential oil was tested in the third larval state of the development of the mosquito Aedes Aegypti. The third larval instar were exposed to different concentrations of the oil (500, 400, 300, 200 and 130 ppm) in triplicates. Chromatographic analysis identified that the major constituents found in essential oil of O. basilicum were limonene (13%), 1,8-cineole (15%), linalool (20%) and methyl chavicol (45%). In trials of free radicals sequestration, the essential oil showed (AA%) 67.35±1.11 in the highest concentration and inhibitory concentration, IC50 value of 61.517 mg/mL. The essential oil of O. basilicum showed larvicidal potential with CL50 of 67.22 ppm. A more detailed study should be done to verify the larvicidal potential and biological mechanism of action, as several authors claimed that the constituent of essential oils affect the nervous system of the mosquito Aedes Aegypti and the action mechanism is not yet fully elucidated. New studies demand the development of tests using samples of lower concentrations to verify the degree of toxicity in other animal species, including man, and preparation of formulations that may function as a natural alternative to combat mosquito larvae.
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