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Key Aspects of Menopause Hormone Therapy

Laxmi Sowmya K*

Department of Botany, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India

*Corresponding Author:
Laxmi Sowmya K
Department of Botany
Andhra University, Visakhapatnam
Andhra Pradesh, India
E-mail: [email protected]

Received: March 04, 2021; Accepted: March 18, 2021; Published: March 25, 2021

Citation: Sowmya KL (2021) Key Aspects of Menopause Hormone Therapy. Endocrinol Metab Vol.5 No.2:e160.

Visit for more related articles at Endocrinology and Metabolism: Open Access


Menopause is that the time that marks the top of your menstrual cycles. It's diagnosed after you've gone 12 months without a menstrual period. Menopause can happen in your 40s or 50s, but the typical age is 51 within the United States. Menopause may be a natural organic process. But the physical symptoms, like hot flashes, and emotional symptoms of menopause may disrupt your sleep, lower your energy or affect emotional health. There are many effective treatments available, from lifestyle adjustments to hormone therapy.

Skipping periods during perimenopause is common and expected. Often, menstrual periods will skip a month and return, or skip several months then start monthly cycles again for a couple of months. Periods also tend to happen on shorter cycles, in order that they are closer together. Despite irregular periods, pregnancy is feasible. If you've skipped a period but aren't sure you've started the menopausal transition, consider a bioassay.

Hormone replacement therapy is medication that contains female hormones. You’re taking the medication to exchange the estrogen that your body stops making during menopause. Hormone therapy is most frequently wont to treat common menopausal symptoms, including hot flashes and vaginal discomfort. Hormone therapy has also been proved to stop bone loss and reduce fracture in postmenopausal women.Hormone replacement therapy primarily focuses on replacing the estrogen that your body not makes after menopause. There are two main sorts of estrogen therapy

Systemic hormone therapy

Systemic estrogen which comes in pill, transdermal patch, ring, gel, cream or spray form typically, contains a better dose of estrogen that's absorbed throughout the body. It is often wont to treat any of the common symptoms of menopause.

Low-dose vaginal products

Low-dose vaginal preparations of estrogen-which are available cream, tablet or ring form-minimize the quantity of estrogen absorbed by the body. Due to this, low-dose vaginal preparations are usually only wont to treat the vaginal and urinary symptoms of menopause.

The Women’s Health Initiative (WHI) results 10 years ago scared many ladies faraway from using hormone therapy (HT) altogether. Some toughed out their hot flashes and night sweats with no relief until the symptoms settled down on their own.

We’ve learned tons since then about the risks and benefits of HT. for many women, experts agree that HT is okay to regulate moderate to severe menopause symptoms, like hot flashes and vaginal dryness, within 10 years of menopause and up to age 59. Also, women should use rock bottom dose for the shortest amount of your time needed to stay the symptoms in check.

But you and your healthcare provider got to balance the advantages and risks you have got. For instance, if you don’t have a uterus and may take estrogen therapy (ET) alone, your risks are different from those of girls who still have a uterus and must use estrogen plus progestogen (EPT) to guard against uterine cancer.


Stroke: Both ET and EPT increase the danger of stroke. That risk goes away, however, soon after you stop taking hormones.

Blood clots: Risk increases if you're taking hormones orally. The danger could also be lower if you employ a transdermal estrogen, like a patch, gel, or spray.

Uterine cancer: If you didn’t have a hysterectomy and still have a uterus, you would like to require EPT. If you've got already had uterine cancer (also called endometrial cancer), it’s not an honest idea to require HT, although a progestogen by itself could be okay. Ask your doctor.

Carcinoma: The news is best for ladies who use ET. We’ve learned they will take ET for 7 years before the carcinoma risk increases. The danger goes up after 3 to five years for ladies who use EPT. Their risk could be lower if they take micronized progesterone intermittently and begin HT early. We’ll know more soon as rigorous studies conclude.


Lessen hot flashes, night sweats, and vaginal dryness and therefore the poor sleep, irritability, and “brain fog” that accompany them. Get relief from vaginal symptoms, like thinning tissue and dryness, and therefore the consequences, like painful intercourse. Protect your bones. Standard-dose HT helps prevent bone fractures later in life. If you're at high risk of broken bones or have early menopause, you'll be ready to take hormones earlier or longer. Lower your risk of heart condition if it’s an enormous if you start HT within 10 years of menopause. Help prevent diabetes. Good scientific evidence shows women who use HT have a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

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