An ethnobotanical study was conducted for wild food plants among twenty ethnic groups of Telangana State during 2015-2019. A total of 89 plant taxa belonging to 76 genera and 46 families were recorded and the consumption of wild food plants is still very important for many tribes in the region in a multitude of ways such as vegetables, fruits, pickles, snacks, beverages, etc. Some wild food plants like Madhuca longifolia var. latifolia, Diospyros melanoxylon, Phyllanthus emblica have great economic importance and linked with the socio-economic empowerment of tribal communities in the State. The present study emphasizes the importance of wild food plants for ethnic tribes on one hand, and helpful to understand the conservation strategy and economics of wild food plants dealing with the collection and sale, on the other.