Prevalence of Transfusion Transmitted Infections among Blood Donors; a Prospective Study

Background and Aims: Blood transfusion is the major cause of infectious diseases in recipient due to no screening of donated blood. Aims of current study are to get assessment of the prevalence of diseases in donor’s blood and to create awareness for blood donation among people.
Methodology: 300 blood donors from Jamila Sultana Foundation Rawalpindi Pakistan, including males and females were screened for the prevalence of five transfusions transmittable infections (TTIs). Donors having age less than 20 years, weight less than 50 Kg and Hemoglobin (Hb) less than 11.8 mg/dl were excluded from the study.
Results: Total 10.8 % males and 10 % females were infected with various TTIs whereas HBV, HCV and syphilis are the major infections present in blood donors. Conclusion: Prevalence of TTIs at higher rate might be due to poor health practices, low economic values and costly treatment in good hospitals. This study will help to monitor the quality of blood donation and screening practices and to spread awareness among non-donors for the screening of dangerous infectious diseases.

Author(s): Muhammad Kamran, Raja Tahir Mahmood , Muhammad Asghar Khan, Azhar Mehmood, Lubna Nisar and M. Javaid Asad

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