Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are a group of communicable diseases that thrive, mainly, in low-resource populations and are typically found in tropical climates. Their transmission and sustained prevalence are given by both geographical and social factors. The World Health Organization (WHO) currently focuses on 20 priority diseases.
Although each disease requires an individually tailored approach, current measures are in urgent need of a paradigm shift from disease-specific interventions to holistic cross-cutting approaches coordinating with adjacent disciplines. This paradigm shift is the One Health approach. According to the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the US, One Health is a collaborative, multisectoral, and transdisciplinary approach—working at the local, regional, national, and global levels—with the goal of achieving optimal health outcomes recognizing the interconnection between people, animals, plants, and their shared environment.