Implementation of Observational Learning via Adjunctive Videos to Improve Physical Assessment Self-Efficacy and Skill

Introduction: Physical assessment (PA) skills are crucial for pharmacists to provide comprehensive medication therapy management services. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of an observational learning strategy to enhance student pharmacists’ self-efficacy and skills.

Methods: To promote retention of PA skills, seven PA videos were created as adjuncts to didactic instruction. After comprehensive PA practicum and written examinations, students completed a survey assessing utilization of the PA videos and self-efficacy for performing PA skills.

Results: All 112 students completed the survey, and 94.6% watched at least one video. Over 90% of students indicated being confident in performing vitals, ophthalmic exam, and musculoskeletal exams. The majority of students indicated that the videos helped prepare for the practicum, whereas only 54.7% felt the videos prepared them for the written examination.

Conclusions: Observational learning can be an effective instructional strategy for the development of performancebased skills in pharmacy curricula.

Author(s): Hyma Gogineni*, Marie Davies, Divvjyot Singh, Marvin Ortiz, Linda S Garavalia and Haarika P Gogineni

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