Critical Care 2019: Multivisceral resection in digestive tract surgery- Carlo Staudacher, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University


In patients with apparent locally advanced digestive tract cancer Multivisceral Resection (MVR) offers the possibility of cure. The results reported in the literature were analyzed in this study. In locally advanced gastric cancer patients the prognosis is very poor and the role of MVR is still debated. Many studies reported high rate of morbidity and mortality and no significant increase of survival rate. An Italian multicentre observational study, including 2208 patients, demonstrated that multivisceral resection of advanced gastric cancer have an acceptable morbidity and mortality rate when a complete resection can be performed and when there is limited lymph node metastasis. When a colon cancer has adhesions with other organs, it is not possible to state for sure if there is a cancer infiltration or only an inflammatory reaction. The dissection of the adhesions exposes to high probability to disseminate cancer cells in surgical field and reduce survival time of patient. Because of that in these cases a MVR should be performed. In locally advanced rectal cancers (cT4) an actual invasion may be observed in 30-50% of cases. A MVR should be performed in order to obtain R0 circumferential margin and to preserve the integrity of the mesorectal fascia. In locally advanced rectal cancers MVR do not alter the rates of sphincter saving, morbidity and mortality when is performed in a high-volume hospital but significantly decreases pelvic relapse. Multivisceral resection for cutting edge tumors can bring about delayed endurance however may likewise expand the danger of postoperative dismalness and mortality. The essential point of this examination was to explore whether broad resections increment the seriousness of postoperative intricacies. The stomach related framework is an unpredictable framework that can be upset by sickness, diet and passionate pressure. While some stomach related issues can be cured with medication and way of life transforms, others require medical procedure. Doctors utilize front line innovation, for example, gastrointestinal ultrasound, to analyze and treat stomach related conditions. Gastrointestinal ultrasound gives more nitty gritty pictures of the stomach related framework than other imaging examines. It permits doctors to analyze your esophageal and stomach linings, just as your upper and lower stomach related tract.

The essential job of the stomach related surgeries is to enable the body to separate and assimilate food. Otherwise called the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, it incorporates the mouth, throat, stomach, small digestive system, internal organ additionally called the colon rectum, and rear-end. Little organs in the mouth, stomach, and small digestive tract produce juices to help digest food. The stomach related framework additionally contains a layer of smooth muscle that moves food along the tract.

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

Sometimes called indigestion or indigestion, GERD is where stomach acids reflux or "back up" from the stomach into the throat. Individuals regularly portray acid reflux as a cruel, copying sensation. Transoral Incisionless Fundoplication (TIF) is an entry point less technique for rewarding individuals with indigestion ailment. Utilizing a unique gadget, the specialist reproduces the counter reflux valve at the passageway of the throat into the stomach to forestall reflux. TIF speaks to the most recent advance in the treatment of indigestion malady.

Barrett's esophagus 

Whenever left untreated, GERD can prompt Barrett's throat, a condition that can inevitably transform into malignant growth. Removal is where tissue is warmed until it is not, at this point suitable or alive. Doctors have utilized different types of removal for about a century to treat various conditions. Health specialists utilize an extraordinary strategy called HALO removal to totally evacuate the influenced tissue, while limiting injury to solid throat tissue. Clinical investigations have exhibited that the Barrett's tissue can be totally dispensed with the HALO removal innovation in 98.4 percent of patients.


Individuals requiring their gallbladder evacuated because of gallstones, torment or aggravation can profit by da Vinci mechanical innovation. Health specialists utilize a solitary little entry point as opposed to four as required with conventional laparoscopy through the paunch catch to expel the gallbladder, bringing about a quicker recuperation and practically zero scarring.


A hernia happens when a little sac containing tissue pushes through the muscles of the stomach divider. Hernias can be awkward and for the most part expect fix to keep them from getting bigger. Health specialists utilize the most recent insignificantly obtrusive laparoscopic strategies which offer less torment and a speedier recuperation.


Numerous conditions can influence the colon, causing dying, aggravation and entrail control issues. Colon disease is one of the main sources of malignancy demise in the nation. AnMed Health specialists perform negligibly intrusive laparoscopic colon medical procedure, permitting specialists to treat numerous normal colon conditions through little entry points. Contingent upon the kind of system, patients may leave the medical clinic in a couple of days and come back to typical exercises more rapidly than patients recuperating from open medical procedure.

Materials: A review study was directed somewhere in the range of 2009 and 2014 at the Linköping University Hospital careful division. All patients with an affirmed or assumed threatening illness who experienced a non-normalized surgery requiring a multivisceral resection were incorporated. The essential endpoint was 90-day confusions as indicated by the Clavien-Dindo score.

Results: Forty-eight patients were incorporated, with an age scope of 17-77 years. A middle of three organs was resected. The most well-known determinations were neuroendocrine tumor (n = 8), gastric disease (n = 7), and gastrointestinal stromal tumor (n = 6). One patient passed on during medical procedure. Complexities ⩾ grade 3b as per Clavien-Dindo score happened in 10 patients. R0 resection was accomplished in 32 patients. No connection was seen between the quantity of anastomoses, perioperative blood misfortune, usable time, and intricacies. Just postoperative blood transfusion was connected with extreme intricacies (p = 0.046); notwithstanding, a propensity toward more inconveniences with an expanding number of resected organs was watched (p = 0.06).

Conclusion: Multivisceral resection can result in R0, conceivably relieving patients with cutting edge tumors. Here, no connection between's broad resections and entanglements was watched. Just postoperative blood transfusion was related with serious inconveniences.

Author(s): Carlo Staudacher

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