Coastal Ecosystems

Aquaculture is becoming a significant threat to coastal ecosystems. About 20 percent of mangrove forests have been destroyed since 1980, partly due to shrimp farming. An extended cost–benefit analysis of the total economic value of shrimp aquaculture built on mangrove ecosystems found that the external costs were much higher than the external benefits.[94] Over four decades, 269,000 hectares (660,000 acres) of Indonesian mangroves have been converted to shrimp farms. Most of these farms are abandoned within a decade because of the toxin build-up and nutrient loss.

 

High Impact List of Articles

 

Recommended Conferences

  • 8th International conference on Fisheries & Aquaculture
    October 02-04, 2017 Toronto, Canada
  • 10th International Conference on Agriculture & Horticulture
    October 02-04, 2017 London, UK
  • 7th International Conference on Aquaculture & Fisheries
    August 07-09, 2017 Rome, Italy
  • 9th World Congress on Aquaculture & Fisheries
    October 23-24, 2017 Dubai, UAE
  • 7th International Conference on Aquaculture & Fisheries
    October 19-21, 2017 Rome, Italy
  • 2nd World Biotechnology Congress
    December 04-06, 2017 Sao Paulo, Brazil
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