Adaptive Immunity

Acquired (adaptive or specific) immunity is not present at birth. It is learned. As a person’s immune system encounters foreign substances (antigens), the components of acquired immunity learn the best way to attack each antigen and begin to develop a memory for that antigen. Acquired immunity is also called specific immunity because it tailors its attack to a specific antigen previously encountered. Its hallmarks are its ability to learn, adapt, and remember.
 

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