Advanced Techniques in Clinical Microbiology

About Advanced Techniques in Clinical Microbiology

Advanced Techniques in Clinical Microbiology is an International Open Access peer reviewed publication that discusses current research on advancements in clinical techniques that help in understanding the challenges that human encounter when came in contact with microbes and how to mitigate them successfully.

The journal covers several key aspects in this field by including research on topics like Pathogenicity and Virulence, Clinical Microbiology, Microbial Epidemiology, Microbial Ecology and Health, and Prevention and Therapy.

The journal encourages advancements in the areas not limited to the one mentioned above in the form of research articles, reviews, commentaries, case studies and letters to the editors. The editorial manager system facilitates a user friendly article submission, review and publication. Manuscripts that are thoroughly peer reviewed would ensure the best standards in the industry.

Submit manuscript at http://www.editorialmanager.com/insightjournals or you can mail to [email protected]

Clinical Microbiology

Clinical Microbiology is a branch of microbiology which is concerned with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases. Clinical microbiologists determine the nature of infectious disease and test the ability of various antibiotics to inhibit or kill the microorganisms. Clinical microbiology deals with obtaining and transporting clinical specimens that would be most helpful in diagnosing infectious diseases.

Medical Microbiology

Medical Microbiology is known as a branch of medicine which is concerned with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of infections and communicable diseases. It includes the study of certain classes of viruses, bacteria, fungi and protozoa. In the field of medical microbiology studies various clinical applications of microbes are done for the improvement of health. Medical microbiology is the study of microbial pathogenesis and epidemiology and is related to the study of disease pathology and immunology.

Infectious Disease

Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi. Some infectious diseases can be spread from person to person. Some are transmitted by bites from insects or animals. And others are acquired by contaminated food or water or being exposed to organisms in the environment. Infectious diseases are one of the leading causes of death worldwide.

Antigen

Antigen is a substance that is capable of stimulating an immune response. These are the commercial substance which are injected or absorbed into animal tissues to stimulates the production of antibodies. It is capable of binding to an antibody or to an antigen receptor on a T cell. Antigen helps in the production of antibodies. The antigen may originate from within the body ("self-antigen") or from the external environment ("non-self").

Immunogen

Immunogen is a substance which is capable of eliciting an immune response. Immunogen can be defined as a complete antigen which is composed of the macromolecular carrier and epitopes (determinants) that can induce immune response. It produces a humoral or cell-mediated immune response. All Immunogens are antigens but all antigens are not immunogen.

Microbes

A microbe is a microscopic organism which are too small to be seen by the human naked eyes. It can be multi cellular or single-celled. Microbes include bacteria, protozoa, and some fungi and algae. It very small living thing which causes disease. in every type of environment Microbes can be found, and in ecosystems it plays a crucial role in nutrient recycling because they act as decomposers.

Antimicrobial Agent

Antimicrobial agent are a type of chemical compounds and physical agents which are used to destroy microorganisms or to prevent their development. For example, antibiotics are used against bacteria and antifungals are used against fungi. Disinfectants are the main classes of antimicrobial agents which kill a wide range of microbes on non-living surfaces and prevent the spread of illness.

STDs

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are generally acquired by sexual contact like AIDS, gonorrhea, syphilis, genital herpes, chlamydia etc. The causes of STDs are bacteria, parasites, yeast, and viruses. The germs that cause STDs hide in semen, blood, vaginal secretions, and sometimes saliva. STDs are serious illnesses that require treatment. Some STDs, such as HIV, cannot be cured and can be deadly. By learning more about STDs, one can learn ways to protect himself.

Polymerase Chain Reaction

Polymerase chain reaction, or PCR, is a laboratory technique used to make multiple copies of a segment of DNA. This procedure is a man-made version of DNA replication. Using PCR it is possible to generate thousands to millions of copies of a particular section of DNA from a very small amount of DNA. Polymerase chain reaction allows the pieces of DNA to be amplified so they can be detected. Polymerase chain reaction may be used for certain changes in a gene or chromosome, which may find and diagnose a genetic condition or a disease, such as cancer.

Virology

Virology is the study of viruses and virus-like agents, including their taxonomy, disease-producing properties, cultivation and genetics. It focuses on the following aspects of viruses: their structure, classification and evolution, their ways to infect and exploit host cells for reproduction, their interaction with host organism physiology and immunity, the diseases they cause, the techniques to isolate and culture them, and their use in research and therapy. It is a subfield of microbiology or of medicine. Virus classification is a major branch of virology. According to the type of nucleic acid they use as genetic material virus is classified as DNA viruses, RNA viruses and reverse transcribing viruses.

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