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Abstract

Toxic Effect of Alcohol in Adolescence: A Review

The main focus of this study is to diagnose the toxic effect of alcohol in adolescent youngers. Alcohol is the neurotoxic agent and causes destruction in brain system. It can interfere with the activity of regular neurotransmitters. It influences on ion channels and release GABA, which inhibit the release of glutamate and cause disastrous effect on the nervous system. Alcoholism in teenage causes damage in maturation of brain and reduce the development of frontal lobe of brain. Girls show more adverse effect than boys. Negative alcoholic history of adolescent drinker also causes severe influence on them. Psychological study reveals the symptoms of alcoholism such as risky sexual contact, depression, anxiety, shivering, sweating, suicidal risks and heavy vehicle accidents. Drinkers may suffer from traumatic injuries. Other symptoms include headache, hyperventilation, vomiting, change in appetite habit, weight loss, eczema, disturbance in sleep and muscle weakness. It concludes that, adolescent drinker has reduced decision-making capability, have immature development of brain and have reduced memory storage ability. Alcohol should be banded until age of 21 years. More findings require educating people about dangerous activity of alcoholism. Therapeutic strategies should be used to treat diseases related to alcoholism. Future research studies should combine the idea of biological and environmental elements as bases for increased alcohol consumption effect.


Author(s): Atika Islam

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