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The Association between Residential Proximity to a Major Roadway and the Prevalence of Environmentally Influenced Conditions

Background: Motor vehicles are the prime culprit of air pollution, and could be possibly linked to the development of widely evident health hazards.

Objective: The purpose of the current study was to examine the association between residential proximity to a major roadway and the prevalence of metabolic disorders, respiratory diseases, and stress levels.

Materials and methods: A cross-sectional survey was administered to 99 randomly selected subjects (Males: 33, Females 66) aged between 18 and 74 years, who lived at a residence for a minimum one to five years.

Results: The findings in the current study reveal an increase in the prevalence of anxiety, depression, asthma, allergies, attention deficit disorder, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and self-reported stress seen in individuals who live within five miles of a major highway. A negative correlation was observed between residential distance from a major highway and the prevalence of asthma/ allergies and type 2 diabetes.

Author(s): Daniel C. Indorato*

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