Endosseous dental implants have been well accepted for replacing missing teeth in today’s dental practice. The success of dental implant therapy is essentially based on the process of osseointegration. In the recent years, surface composition, surface topography and surface roughness of titanium implant have been found to play a major role in osseointegration and success, which has resulted in commercial availability of many implants with different surface modifications. This article explores various methods of implant surface modifications and their role in osseointegration.
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