Background: Plants and herbs have been the mainstay of treatment in many rural and tribal areas of Bangladesh for the immense availability of medicinal plants in this region. Nature and natural remedies are widely accepted by people around the world from ancient times. Barks, root, stem, flower, seed various parts of plants were used against ailments or infections caused by microbes even before the discovery of various microorganisms. So it is rational to believe that these herbs and plants possess immense medicinal potential with definite pharmacological action. Methods and findings: Secondary data have been collected from different reputed international and recognized journals and websites. Conclusion: This review enlists the medicinal plants used against infectious diseases in Bangladesh.