Physiology, which means 'nature,' means 'study' is a scientific study of the functions and processes of a living system. As a microcontroller of biology, physiology focuses on how living organisms, organs, organs, cells and biomolecules perform chemical and physical functions in the living system. According to biological classifications, the field can be divided into medical physiology, animal physiology, plant physiology, cell physiology, and comparative physiology.

Central to metabolic processes are biophysical and biochemical processes, homeostatic control mechanisms, and interactions between cells. Physical condition is a condition of normal functioning, while pathological condition refers to abnormal conditions, including human diseases.

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is awarded by the Royal Sweden Academy of Science for outstanding scientific achievement in physiology related to the medical field.

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