Zika virus is a member of the virus family Flaviviridae and the genus Flavivirus and is transmitted primarily by Aedes mosquitoes. It replicates in the mosquito′s midgut epithelial cells and then its salivary gland cells. The symptoms includes fever, skin rashes, conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain, malaise, and headache which are mild and normally lasts for 2-7 days. Zika virus is primarily transmitted to people through the bite of an infected mosquito or by having unprotected sex with an infected man. Diagnosis is done through laboratory tests on blood or other body fluids, such as urine, saliva or semen and no specific treatment is required for the disease. People sick with Zika virus should get plenty of rest, drink enough fluids, and treat pain and fever with common medicines. Currently, no vaccine is available for Zika Virus. A key measure to prevent Zika virus infection is protection against mosquito bites.
Related Journals of Zika Virus
Journal of Community & Public Health Nursing, Journal of Tropical Diseases & Public Health, International Journal of Public Health and Safety, Zoonoses and Public Health, Journal of Zoonotic Diseases.