Rabies is an infectious viral disease, almost always fatal and in up to 99% of human cases, the virus is transmitted by domestic dogs. Infection causes tens of thousands of deaths every year, mostly in Asia and Africa. Rabies affects domestic and wild animals and is spread to people through bites or scratches, usually via saliva. The initial symptoms of rabies are fever and often pain or an unusual or unexplained tingling, pricking or burning sensation at the wound site. As the virus spreads through the central nervous system, progressive, fatal inflammation of the brain and spinal cord develops. No tests are available to diagnose rabies infection in humans before the onset of clinical disease, and unless the rabies-specific signs of hydrophobia or aerophobia are present, the clinical diagnosis may be difficult. Immunization and treatment for possible rabies are recommended for at least up to 14 days after exposure or a bite. Preventive measures include eliminating rabies in dogs by vaccinating them and Pre-exposure immunization is also recommended for people in certain high-risk occupations.
Related Journals of Rabies
Quality in Primary Care, Diversity & Equality in Health and Care, Journal of Tropical Diseases & Public Health, Reverse Zoonotic Disease Transmission (Zooanthroponosis), Importance of Zoonoses in Public Health.