Neonatology is the branch of medical specialty for taking care of newborn babies, sick babies, and premature babies. It is a sub-speciality of Pediatrics and usually practiced in neonatal intensive care units. A specialist in neonatology is a Neonatologist.

Neonatology is a subspecialty of pediatrics that consists of the medical care of newborn infants, especially the ill or premature newborn infant. It is a hospital-based specialty, and is usually practiced in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). The principal patients of neonatologists are newborn infants who are ill or requiring special medical care due to prematurity, low birth weight, intrauterine growth retardation, congenital malformations (birth defects), sepsis, pulmonary hyperplasia or birth asphyxias. To become a neonatologist, the physician initially receives training as a pediatrician, then completes an additional training called a fellowship in neonatology. In the United States of America most, but not all neonatologists, are board certified in the specialty of Pediatrics by the American Board of Pediatrics or the American Osteopathic Board of Pediatrics and in the sub-specialty of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine also by the American Board of Pediatrics or American Osteopathic Board of Pediatrics.

Related Journals of Neonatology

Neonatal Medicine, Journal of Neonatal Biology, Journal of Pregnancy and Child Health, Gynecology Obstetrics.Neonatology.

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