Leptospirosis is an infectious disease caused by bacteria called Leptospira. It is transmitted by animal urine or by water or soil containing animal urine coming into contact with breaks in the skin, eyes, mouth, or nose. Symptoms can take 7 to 12 days and include fever, headache, muscle pain, shaking chills and abdominal pain. Diagnosis of leptospirosis is confirmed with tests such as testing a serum or blood sample, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), polymerase chain reaction(PCR) and microscopic agglutination test (MAT). Effective antibiotics like penicillin G, ampicillin, amoxicillin and doxycycline are used. Avoid areas of stagnant water, especially in tropical climates. If you are exposed to a high risk area, taking doxycycline or amoxicillin may decrease your risk of developing this disease.
Related Journals of Leptospirosis
Health Science Journal, Journal of Health Education Research & Development, Zoonoses, Zoonotic Diseases, Journal of Foodborne and Zoonotic Diseases.