It is a branch of pharmacology that deals entry of chemicals or drugs into the environment after elimination from humans and animals as post-therapy.
Environmental problems we face today:
1. Climate change 2. Biodiversity loss 3. Water scarcity and 4. The health impacts of pollution.
Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products (PPCPs)
Diverse group of chemicals including, but not limited to, prescription and over-the-counter human drugs, veterinary drugs, diagnostic agents, nutritional supplements, and other consumer products.
• Harmful effect on aquatic organism
• Antidepressants like fluoxetine could trigger spawning in some shellfish
• Ppm and sub-ppm levels of various drugs (NSAIDS, glucocorticoids, anti-fibrotic) affect collagen metabolism in teleost fish, leading to defective/blocked fin regeneration.