Cloning is the process of producing similar populations of genetically identical individuals that occurs in nature when organisms such as bacteria, plants, animals reproduce asexually. Cloning describes the processes used to create an exact genetic replica of another cell, tissue or organism. The copied material, which has the same genetic makeup as the original, is referred to as a clone. The most famous clone was a Scottish sheep named Dolly. There are three different types of cloning:
• Gene cloning, which creates copies of genes or segments of DNA
• Reproductive cloning, which creates copies of whole animals
• Therapeutic cloning, which creates embryonic stem cells. Researchers hope to use these cells to grow healthy tissue to replace injured or diseased tissues in the human body. Cloning in biotechnology refers to processes used to create copies of DNA fragments (molecular cloning), cells (cell cloning), or organisms.
Related Journal of Cloning
Journal of Stem cell biology and transplantation; Gene Technology, Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy, Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy, Molecular Biology, Genome Mapping and Genomics in Animals, Tree Genetics and Genomes, Mouse Genome, Genome Research, Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology.